An enlarged aorta can be caused by aortic disease, which has many subtypes. Aortic disease comes in many forms including aortic arch aneurysms, aortic dissection and aortic valve disease.
These diseases can cause the aorta to become enlarged, resulting in the weakening of the walls it is made of. With an aortic aneurysm, for example, the aorta becomes enlarged and weakened, which then can result in tears or a rupture that can quickly become deadly. Some factors of this potentially life-threatening disease include smoking, high blood pressure, connective tissue disorders, age, and gender. There are also other ways for the aorta to become enlarged, through stenosis or other health problems.Learn More
Decisive factors that determine whether a candidate is suitable to undergo aortic valve surgery include age, diagnostic test results and heart structure. Other underlying medical conditions, if any, also play a role in determining eligibility for aortic valve surgery, as stated by the Cleveland Clinic.Full Answer >
According to the Mayo Clinic, the ideal resting heart rate for a healthy adult is between 60 and 100 beats per minute. More athletic people have a more efficient heart and a lower heart rate, with some high-level athletes exhibiting a heart rate of 40 beats per minute.Full Answer >
Retrocardiac pneumonia is a form of pneumonia that is found behind the heart. Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria, virus, or fungi. Retrocardiac means at the back of the heart, according to CDEMcurriculum.org. Therefore, retrocardiac pneumonia is an infection that is behind the heart, which can cause complications in detection because of its location.Full Answer >
A rapid heartbeat, also known as tachycardia, is caused by a number of factors, including exercise, anxiety or fear, a current or previous heart attack, blocked arteries, high blood pressure, thyroid disorders, substance abuse, stress and some medications and supplements, according to Mayo Clinic. Tachycardia can be normal or a symptom of a bigger problem.Full Answer >