Tiny sacs of fluid that form in an ovary are known as "cysts." These cysts can be caused by complications during ovulation, endometriosis and natural causes, and are common during childbearing years, notes WebMD.
There are various types of ovarian cysts. The functional cyst is the most common and happens during ovulation. It occurs when the egg does not get released or the sac that forms the egg does not dissolve once the egg is released. Other types of cysts include polycystic ovaries, in which the sac that matures the egg fails to open; endometriosis, where tissue from the lining of the uterus grows in other parts of the body, including the ovaries; and cystadenomas, in which cysts form on the cells on the surface of the ovaries, according to WebMD.
All of these cysts are usually a normal part of a woman's menstruation period and often do not cause any pain. Cysts usually dissolve on their own in two to three menstrual cycles. However, some cysts can become large and cause the ovary to move from its original and natural position in the pelvis. This increases the chance of ovary torsion, or a painful twisting of the ovary. Also, in rarer cases, a cyst may rupture and cause severe pain and internal bleeding, explains Mayo Clinic.Learn More
A blighted ovum refers to a fertilized egg that implants in the uterus but fails to develop into en embryo, according to WebMD. It is one of the leading causes of failed pregnancies and miscarriage.Full Answer >
The pain of an endometrial biopsy is caused by cramping of the uterus as the doctor inserts the device used to obtain the tissue sample through the cervix and scrapes cells from the uterine wall. Cramps often continue throughout the procedure and for some time afterward, says WebMD.Full Answer >
A hysterectomy is a surgery in which a woman's uterus is removed, according to WebMD. There are several types of hysterectomies, including a total hysterectomy, in which the entire uterus and cervix are removed, and a subtotal hysterectomy, in which only the upper part of the uterus is removed.Full Answer >
A uterus prolapse, or fallen uterus, is when weakened, overstretched pelvic muscles and ligaments are unable to support the uterus properly and it falls into the vagina, according to Mayo Clinic. In some cases, a fallen uterus may actually protrude out of the vagina.Full Answer >