Fungal infections of the hands are caused by trichophyton rubrum, a dermatophytic fungus. This infection is commonly transmitted by direct contact with infected people, animals, soil or household articles, such as towels and bed sheets, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians.Know More
These infections are more commonly known as tinea manuum and are less common than athlete's foot, a similar infection. Typical symptoms include redness and scaling of the back of the hands, and dryness and scaling of the palms, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians.
The treatment of superficial fungal infections such as tinea manuum usually begins with topical antifungal creams applied to the affected area. This treatment approach is often difficult for patients because most creams require application twice per day for a lengthy period of time, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians.
Oral antifungal medication may be necessary if an infection becomes systemic, affects the nails, if topical antifungal creams are ineffective or if a patient is not able to adhere to the treatment plan. Patients taking these agents have better compliance because they are easier to take and the treatment time is much shorter. Oral antifungal medications have the potential to cause severe side effects, such as hematotoxicity, and are also associated with multiple drug interactions, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians.Learn more about Skin Conditions
Causes of itching hands include medical conditions such as psoriasis, eczema and scabies, according to WebMD. Skin dryness due to excess scrubbing or winter weather also causes itchy hands.Full Answer >
Possible causes of toe fungus include wearing damp shoes or socks and exposure to humid, warm conditions, according to Mayo Clinic. Fungi can live in moist household environments, such as swimming pools or showers.Full Answer >
Ringworm is caused by a fungus that grows on the skin, which can be acquired from contact with a variety of infected surfaces, according to the Mayo Clinic. Ringworm spreads through direct contact with infected individuals or objects they have recently touched.Full Answer >
Leprosy is caused by Mycobacterium leprae, which is a slow-growing bacteria type, according to WebMD. Leprosy is sometimes referred to as Hansen's disease, and has been around since ancient times when it was feared in India, Egypt and China for the disfiguring sores it causes on the skin, and the nerve damage it inflicts on the legs and arms.Full Answer >