As of 2014, the causes of kidney cysts are unclear, according to WebMD. These cysts do not appear to have a genetic component. Males are more prone to kidney cysts than females, and these cysts are extremely common in people over 50.Know More
Kidney cysts are round, fluid-filled growths on the kidney, according to Mayo Clinic. Serious disorders, such as polycystic kidney disease, frequently lead to kidney cysts, but many kidney cysts arise without an apparent etiology. These are known as simple kidney cysts.
Simple kidney cysts do not impact kidney function in a major way, according to the National Kidney and Urologic Disease Information Clearinghouse, although one study suggested some decrease in kidney function among those under 60 with kidney cysts. In most cases, the cysts are asymptomatic. However, some patients experience pain or discomfort in the abdomen if the cysts press on other organs. Additionally, if the cysts become infected, the patient may experience fever, pain and tenderness.
WebMD states that most kidney cysts never require treatment. However, if a cyst grows large enough to cause pronounced pain or effect organ functions, a doctor may opt to drain the cyst. After drainage, cysts are unlikely to recur. In the rare cases where they do, doctors can burn or remove the cyst completely to prevent recurrence.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Pancreatic cysts may be treated with careful observation, draining and surgery depending on the type of cysts on the organ, according to the Mayo Clinic. Objects called benign pseudocysts and serous cystadenomas usually do not become cancerous, and these cysts can be left alone unless they cause symptoms. Any cysts smaller than 0.39 inch, or 1 centimeter, can be viewed with a CT scan after one year.Full Answer >
According to Mayo Clinic, baker's cysts are caused by injuries or arthritic conditions that result in the knee joint producing excess synovial fluid, which is a substance naturally created by the body that is essential for preventing friction between the joints and bones of the knee. As the fluid builds up, it can create a cyst behind the knee.Full Answer >
Sebaceous cysts are removed from the scalp through incision and drainage, minor surgery or laser removal, according to the Mayo Clinic. Most commonly removed due to discomfort or cosmetic reasons, sebaceous cysts typically don't cause any serious health problems. It is important to avoid popping or picking at a sebaceous cyst, as this can cause scarring and infection.Full Answer >
A small, simple liver cyst does not usually exhibit symptoms or require any treatment, but cysts can grow larger and cause pain in the upper right abdominal quadrant, according to Mayo Clinic. If symptoms cause treatment to become necessary, cysts are either drained or surgically removed.Full Answer >