According to Banner Health, cellulitis and circulation problems, also known as venous insufficiency or venous hypertension, can cause the lower legs to turn red. Circulation problems lead to a variety of conditions that can make all or part of the lower legs turn red, according to the American Diabetes Association.Know More
Cellulitis is an infection of the deep level of skin, fat and tissue just under the skin, according to Patient UK. It is caused by bacterial and fungal infections. It may begin as athlete's foot or a bacterial infection that enters the skin through a scratch or abrasion and progresses up the leg, according to Patient UK, causing the lower leg to become warm, swollen and red.
Circulation problems also lead to bacterial and fungal infections as well as stasis dermatitis, according to the American Diabetes Association. Stasis dermatitis is also known as venous stasis dermatitis because it is associated with problems in the veins of the lower legs, states the National Eczema Association, which cause the pooling of blood in the veins that makes the skin appear red, according to Healthline.
Venous insufficiency, according to Banner Health, can be caused by a blockage in the vein due to a tumor or blood clot, a problem with the valves in the veins and muscle pump failure due to inactivity, aging, arthritis, a sedentary lifestyle or spending long periods of time standing.Learn more about Wounds & Bruises
Bruising is caused by ruptures or tears of the small blood vessels located beneath the skin; typically, bruises arise after falls or bumps. When these small blood vessels tear, blood leaks into the tissue beneath the skin, and the result is the black or blue patch of discoloration on the skin known as a bruise, according to WebMD.Full Answer >
Sportsinjuryclinic.net reports that bruised kneecaps, also known as knee contusions, can be treated using the PRICE principles: protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation. Severe contusions can require medical attention but generally heal using the same treatments over longer periods of time.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, pneumothorax is a collection of air in the area between the lung and the chest wall, also known as the pleural space. Medline Plus defines a hemothorax as a collection of blood in the pleural space. Both pneumothorax and hemothorax are usually caused by chest trauma and produce similar symptoms.Full Answer >
Hard lumps on the forehead are most often attributed to osteomas, or hard, bony growths in the skull, according to plastic surgeon Dr. Amil Shah. Osteomas are not very common, but are usually benign, slow-growing and asymptomatic. Osteomas may be hereditary or formed at birth, according to the National Library of Medicine. While only symptomatic osteomas require treatment, many people who do not have symptoms still choose treatment due to their unsightly nature.Full Answer >