Cedars-Sinai reveals that potential causes of a paralyzed diaphragm include cancer in the lung or lymph nodes, surgical trauma, spinal cord disorders, neuromuscular disorders, thyroid and other autoimmune diseases, and injury to the phrenic nerve, which controls the diaphragm. Birth trauma may injure the phrenic nerve in newborns, leading to a paralyzed diaphragm.Know More
Cedars-Sinai states that diaphragmatic paralysis is an uncommon diagnosis. Either one or both sides of the diaphragm, which is the muscle separating the thoracic and abdominal cavities, may become paralyzed. Symptoms include shortness of breath, headaches, blue lips and fingers, fatigue and trouble sleeping, with more severe symptoms occurring when both sides of the diaphragm are paralyzed. Several methods are used to diagnose diaphragmatic paralysis, including pulmonary function testing, magnetic resonant imaging, chest X-rays, CT scans, ultrasounds and blood tests.
Cedars-Sinai lists several treatment options for patients with a paralyzed diaphragm. A surgical procedure called diaphragmatic plication is sometimes performed. During this procedure, the diaphragm is pulled down, allowing it to move so it expands better and improves breathing. Devices called breathing pacemakers can be used to improve breathing and lower infection rates in patients who have a working phrenic nerve. Patients with life-threatening diaphragmatic paralysis sometimes require a tracheostomy, which is a surgical formation of an opening in the trachea, or windpipe.Learn More
Dogs with primary lung cancer can generally live up to one year after surgical removal of the mass in their lungs, provided the disease has not spread to the lymph nodes or other tissue, reports Canine Cancer. However, the dog's life expectancy is affected by the type of cancer, whether the dog was showing symptoms, and how advanced the cancer was at the time of surgery.Full Answer >
A low lymphocyte count can be caused by the body's inability to make lymphocytes, the body's inability to make the necessary amount of lymphocytes or when lymphocytes are trapped in the lymph nodes or spleen. Low lymphocyte counts can also be caused by diseases such as autoimmune disorders, infectious diseases, blood cancer, steroid therapy, chemotherapy treatments and radiation treatments.Full Answer >
According to the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, lung, or pulmonary, nodules have numerous causes, including fungal or bacterial infection, sarcoidosis, lymphoma, lung cancer and cancers metastasized from other organs. The Mount Sinai Beth Israel Lung Nodule Center adds that medical conditions that cause swelling, thickening and scarring of pulmonary tissues, such as healed pulmonary infarcts and chronic bronchopneumonias, can also cause lung nodules.Full Answer >
The main cause of lung cancer is smoking although exposure to second-hand smoke, asbestos and radon can also cause lung cancer, according to WebMD. Up to 90 percent of the lung cancer cases are caused by smoking, and the longer and heavier someone smokes, the greater his risk of developing lung cancer in his lifetime.Full Answer >