Lymph glands, or lymph nodes, normally have a pea size, according to WebMD. These lumps of tissue consist of white blood cells and exist in various parts of the body.Know More
Lymph glands help prevent infections by fighting bacteria, viruses and other threats, explains WebMD. When controlling an infection or disease, they tend to increase in size and turn into swollen glands that are typically prominent in the neck, below the chin, in the armpits or in the groin.
Swollen glands usually occur due a local infection, such as the common cold, tonsillitis, laryngitis and ear infection, says WebMD. Local infections affect a specific body part and do not spread to other areas. The affected area’s glands often become painful or tender. Viral infections, such as glandular fever and rubella, also cause swollen glands. They go into the bloodstream and affect the entire body. An individual who notices persistent swollen glands in the neck and suffers sore throat and high temperature likely has a glandular fever. Rare causes of swollen glands include cancer and immune system disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Treatment of local infections involves drinking lots of fluids, resting and taking over-the-counter medicines, states WebMD. Anyone who feels severely sick, has a fever and experiences chills may be suffering from blood poisoning due to a bacterial infection. In such case, immediate medical care is necessary.Learn More
A lump above the belly button is a common sign of an umbilical hernia, according to WebMD. Umbilical hernias can develop in infants and adults and are caused by fluids, fat or intestinal tissues that press through weakened areas in the abdominal wall.Full Answer >
A lump on the side of the knee could be a result of an injury, swollen or torn ligaments or a cartilage tear, according to WebMD. Knee injuries can cause fragments of the bone or cartilage to chip and get stuck in the joint, causing swelling and lumps.Full Answer >
Pain on both sides of the neck can be caused by several factors that include muscle strains, whiplash and chronic conditions, such as fibromyalgia and arthritis, according to WebMD. Certain activities such as sleeping on flat pillows or sitting in awkward positions can also contribute to neck pain.Full Answer >
Probable causes of a knee lump include chronic inflammatory conditions, local infections and bone or soft tissue tumors, according to Healthgrades. Lumps can be single or multiple, and they can quickly grow or stay the same size. They can exist as soft or hard bumps that are painful or pain-free.Full Answer >