Skin breakdown, also called pressure sores or bedsores, are caused by pressure on the skin over a long period of time, according to Mayo Clinic. Immobility due to prolonged illness or injury is the most common cause, but friction and shearing forces on the skin exacerbate skin breakdown.Know More
Being overweight or underweight, having diminished feeling in a body part, experiencing bowel or bladder incontinence and spending most of the day in one position are additional risk factors for pressure sores, states MedlinePlus. So are being older, having altered awareness, having poor nutrition and having medical conditions that reduce blood flow, notes Mayo Clinic.
Pressure sores commonly develop over bony areas of the body, says Mayo Clinic. These areas include the tailbone; at the elbows; along the shoulder blades or spine; at the back and sides of the head; and at the heels or ankles.
Pressure sores can be treated if caught early. At the earliest stages of skin breakdown, the skin may be warm and red, states MedlinePlus. It may feel either spongy or hard to the touch. Erosion of the top layers of the skin may be visible. At the first sign of any of these symptoms, contact a doctor.Learn more about Skin Conditions
Thin skin is typically treated by keeping it covered, protecting it from exposure to sun and moisturizing it, according to Mayo Clinic. If the skin is torn, a special dressing is placed over it to prevent further damage, states Lippincott Nursing Center.Full Answer >
Pressure sores are caused by constant pressure on the skin, which is often associated with prolonged immobility and improper care. These sores, which are also called bedsores, often occur on bony parts of the body, such as the tailbone, hips and ankles, according to MayoClinic.Full Answer >
Dry skin, internal diseases or nerve disorders can cause itching under the skin, according to Mayo Clinic. These causes of itching under the skin may have no outward signs of skin disturbance.Full Answer >
Scabies is caused by mites that burrow beneath the skin and spread when individuals are in close contact. It is often found among members of the same household. Using shared towels, bedding and clothing can spread scabies, according to WebMD.Full Answer >