Melasma, post inflammatory hyper pigmentation and dead skin cell buildup causes splotchy skin, according to Everyday Health. Darker skin tones are more prone to becoming splotchy due to the higher amount of melanin in the skin.Know More
Hormone fluctuations in the skin caused by pregnancy or birth control coupled with exposure from the sun results in the face appearing splotchy, according to Everyday Health. This condition is called melasma, also known as pregnancy mask. Skin that has withstood a trauma such as a rash, bruise, pimple, cut or scrape can become discolored and dark, and dead skin cell buildup on the knees and elbows can also cause splotches on the skin. Shaving or waxing irritation and everyday friction in the underarm area also causes dark splotches.
Everyday Health advises taking care of dead skin cells with a gentle exfoliator, such as a scrub or cream that contains urea and a low level of glycol acid, and consulting a dermatologist about using a prescription cream that contains hydroquinone to fade dark spots and prevents reoccurrences. Sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher is recommended by Everyday Healthy to protect the skin from over-producing melanin and causing splotching. Medical advice should be sought to determine if skin irritations that result in splotches occur from avoidable allergies.Learn more about Pain & Symptoms
Yellow nails often indicate a fungal infection, according to EverydayHealth. Other causes of yellow nails include injury, skin conditions, smoking cigarettes and using red nail polish, as reported by WebMD. Medical conditions such as chronic lung disease and cancer can also cause yellow nails.Full Answer >
The causes of muscle cramps in the legs can be as disparate as dehydration, overexercise, trauma to the muscle, reactions to medications or sitting in one position for too long, according to Everyday Health. While leg cramps can occur during exercise, they often manifest as painful spasms at night.Full Answer >
In premenopausal women, the uterine wall, or endometrium, thickens as estrogen levels increase during the menstrual cycle, notes Dr. Martee Hensley for Everyday Health. Endometrial hyperplasia, a condition resulting from excess estrogen without progesterone, also causes a thickened uterine wall, says the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.Full Answer >
Leg cramps, which usually affect the calf muscles, are caused by various conditions, including dehydration, strenuous exercise, muscle trauma and positioning the leg in the same posture for long periods, according to Everyday Health. Medications, cold temperature, and insufficient potassium or calcium levels in the body are also possible causes.Full Answer >