Substernal chest pain is caused by such ailments as pneumonia, anemia, hypertension, heart attack and pulmonary embolism, according to Right Diagnosis. Anxiety and panic disorders are less likely causes.
Heart attacks can cause substernal chest pain because the heart is deprived of oxygen, causing chest complications, as noted by Right Diagnosis. Hypertension, diabetes and high cholesterol are all factors that lead to heart attacks. Chest pain is a prime indication of a heart attack, but sufferers do not always exhibit this type of pain. Others may confuse heat attack pain with less serious problems, such as a panic attack.
Studies show that 40 percent of people with panic disorders experience some form of chest pain, as reported by About.com. There are two types of pain that distinguish between heart problems and panic attacks: typical and atypical. Typical chest pains are related to heart complications, and substernal pain falls under this category. Substernal pain may also occur on the left side of the chest, and while typical pain is normally constant, a creeping discomfort can grow severe for a few minutes. The pain usually begins in the chest and travels to other parts of the body, such as the jaws or arms.
Pain from panic attacks are atypical, according to About.com. This form of discomfort can be alleviated if a person moves around, and the pain is concentrated on a certain part of the body. However, people with atypical symptoms can also experience serious chest issues.Learn More
A cold feeling or sensation in the chest may be a symptom of one of many medical conditions, including chest injury, diabetes, alcohol-related neuropathy, hypothermia, neurological disease and environmental factors, such as reaction to water, soil and chemicals, as stated by Right Diagnosis. In order to correctly diagnose the cause of the cold sensation, a doctor may have to examine several other symptoms exhibited by a patient.Full Answer >
Numbness on one side of the face can be caused by acoustic neuroma, diabetes mellitus, Bell's palsy, strokes, peripheral nerve trauma or trigeminal neuralgia, according to Right Diagnosis. Generally speaking, numbness is caused by damage, irritation or compression of the nerves that are in the facial region. Depending on whether only a single branch of nerves or several nerves are affected, the surface area that feels numb will vary.Full Answer >
Chest cramps or chest pain may be caused by a blockage in heart blood vessels that reduces oxygen and blood flow to the heart muscle, often an indication of coronary artery disease, according to WebMD. A severe, crushing cramp on the chest typically indicates a heart attack.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, lower back pain is usually caused by injury, osteoarthritis or pressure on a nerve root. Back pain is one of the most frequent reasons people visit a pain specialist.Full Answer >