Ovarian cysts, endometriosis and benign tumors are three common causes of swollen ovaries, according to Health Grades. Enlargement can occur in one or both ovaries and may be accompanied by a fever, weight fluctuations and abdominal pain.Know More
Right Diagnosis indicates that ovarian cysts form each month due to the hormone fluctuations that women experience throughout their monthly menstruation cycle. These cysts are filled with tissue, fluid or blood. Most cysts go away by themselves, but some cysts remain in the ovaries and cause abnormal periods, infertility and abdominal pain.
Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue that normally grows inside of a woman's uterus grows outside the uterus, according to the Mayo Clinic. When endometriosis occurs in a woman's ovary, cysts called endometriomas form, irritating and inflaming the ovary. The treatments for endometriosis include prescription pain medications and oral or injectable hormonal contraceptives.
Benign ovarian tumors are solid, non-cancerous growths that form inside of ovaries. According to Core Physicians, the causes of benign tumors are not well understood. Surgery is usually required to remove benign tumors from an ovary before they damage the ovary. Sometimes, benign tumors cause so much damage to one or both of the ovaries that the ovaries must be removed.Learn more about Reproductive Anatomy
According to WebMD, ovarian pain can signify an endomitrioma ovarian cyst, a fluid-filled sac that forms in the ovaries that is common in women of child-bearing age. Endomitriomas consist of uterine tissue and can cause severe pain. In certain cases, endomitriomas can affect fertility.Full Answer >
Enlarged ovaries with peripherally arranged follicles and echogenic stroma can indicate polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to HealthTap doctors. PCOS is a result of a hormone imbalance due to small cysts on the ovaries, explains WebMD.Full Answer >
The ovaries, uterus, vagina and fallopian tubes are the major internal organs in the female reproductive system, according to WebMD. The labia majora, labia minora, clitoris and Bartholinﾒs glands make up the external portion of the reproductive system.Full Answer >
If a surgeon removes both of a woman's ovaries when he removes her uterus during a hysterectomy, she experiences surgical menopause, according to WebMD. If one or both ovaries remain, she does not enter menopause until she is older.Full Answer >