In some cases, inherited genetic mutations cause temporal wasting, also known as frontotemporal lobar degeneration, but in most cases, the cause is unknown. Further research must be conducted to discover the true cause, according to the National Institute on Aging.Know More
Scientists from the National Institute on Aging describe patterns of change in the brain seen in an autopsy after death, including loss of neurons and abnormal amounts or forms of proteins called tau and TDP-43. These proteins occur naturally in the body and help cells function properly. When the proteins do not work properly, for reasons not yet fully understood, damage occurs to neurons in specific brain regions.
Frontotemporal lobar disorders are grouped into three types that are defined by early symptoms. Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia causes changes in personality, behavior, emotions and judgment. Primary progressive aphasia is characterized by changes in language ability, including speaking, understanding, reading and writing. Corticobasal syndrome, also known as supranuclear palsy or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, is characterized by various difficulties with physical movement, including the use of one or more limbs, difficulty walking, frequent falls and poor coordination. Symptoms vary from one person to another and some symptoms are common to more than one disorder, making it difficult to identify which type of frontotemporal lobar disorder is present in the early stages of the disease.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
A virus usually causes an infection in the tonsils, or tonsillitis, but some cases are caused by streptococcus bacteria, according to WebMD. Tonsillitis can be caused by a fungus or parasite, but this is rare in individuals with healthy immune systems.Full Answer >
Temporal arteritis is a condition that causes inflammation in the major arteries in the head and brain, which are known as temporal arteries, according to Healthline. The condition is also known as giant cell arteritis or cranial arteritis, states Medline Plus.Full Answer >
A sudden, sharp pain in the head can be caused by an ice pick headache, also known as a primary stabbing headache or ophthalmodynia, according to Teri Robert for About.com. This is likely the cause of sudden, sharp head pain when there are no other symptoms.Full Answer >
Cretinism, also known as congenital hypothyroidism, affects newborn infants through an anatomic thyroid defect, an error of thyroid metabolism, or iodine deficiency, according to Medscape. Symptoms present at birth include lethargy, enlarged anterior fontanel, poor feeding and rough facial features. In addition, cretinism is commonly accompanied by neck swelling, which manifests as goiters.Full Answer >