In as many as 95 percent of reported high blood pressure cases in the United States, the underlying cause cannot be determined, but heredity, age, race, gender, diet and lifestyle are contributing risk factors, according to WebMD. Low blood pressure can be caused by dehydration, trauma and health problems.Know More
Blood pressure is the measure of the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. High blood pressure, or hypertension, forces the heart to pump blood harder leading to atherosclerosis and heart failure, states WebMD. Factors that contribute to high blood pressure are smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, too much salt and alcohol, stress, old age, genetics and other diseases. Hypertension is more common in men than women and in blacks than whites. After age 65, black women have the highest incidence of high blood pressure.
Low blood pressure, or hypotension, occurs if a person stands up too quickly after being seated or lying down or after standing too long. Medications can cause low blood pressure, as can other health problems like internal bleeding, severe infection, thyroid disease and heart problems, explains WebMD. Trauma such as severe bleeding and burns can also cause hypotension. For some healthy adults like athletes and regular exercisers, low blood pressure may be normal.Learn more about Cardiac Health
The precise way people develop high blood pressure, known as hypertension, is unknown, according to WebMD. However, there are several risk factors for the disease, including obesity or excess weight, smoking, family history and too much salt in the diet.Full Answer >
According to Mayo Clinic, primary hypertension, or high blood pressure, has no identifiable causes and develops over time. Medical conditions such as chronic kidney disease, thyroid disease, sleep apnea, congenital blood defects and adrenal gland tumors are causes of secondary high blood pressure. Other causes include taking oral contraceptives, using cocaine or amphetamines and abusing alcohol.Full Answer >
While a large percentage of men with high blood pressure have no outward symptoms of the problem, when blood pressure gets extremely high, headaches, vision problems and fatigue occur, according to WebMD. Other symptoms of very high blood pressure include chest pain, a difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat, blood in the urine and a pounding in the chest, ears or neck. If any of these occur, seek medical help promptly.Full Answer >
Binge drinking, caffeine, stress and both smoking and chewing tobacco can cause a temporary spike in diastolic blood pressure that can lead to pre-hypertension or hypertension levels, states Mayo Clinic. Hypertension may lead to a variety of serious medical complications.Full Answer >