According to WebMD, water on the elbow, or bursitis, is caused by pressure on the bursa, a blow to the elbow or an infection. Of these causes, pressure is the most prevalent. In fact, it is called student's elbow because students lean on their elbows while studying, which puts pressure on the bursa and causes inflammation, according to John Hopkins Medicine.Know More
WebMD describes water on the elbow as a condition in which the bursa, which are sacs of fluid located on the elbow that lubricate the joint, swell up. Besides swelling, other symptoms include pain, tenderness, redness and fever. Once bursitis sets in, the sac needs to be drained of fluid and anti-inflammatory medicine must be injected into it. John Hopkins Medicine points out that icing and compressing the affected area also help to relieve the swelling. In the cases of infection, antibiotics need to be administered and the condition needs to be evaluated by a doctor immediately. In cases of chronic bursitis, the joint needs to be immobilized to decrease the friction and pressure on the bursa.
There are a few ways to prevent bursitis. WebMD emphasizes the need for elbow protection, such as elbow pads, particularly in sports that potentially cause a hard impact to the elbow that can cause this condition. Another prevention measure is to avoid leaning on the elbows.Learn More
Thrush is caused by the candida fungus, which is more commonly known as yeast, according to WebMD. Although thrush is most common in babies and toddlers, adults can also be affected by thrush. Older adults and those with immune systems that have been weakened by disease or other conditions may be more susceptible to the development of thrush, WebMD notes.Full Answer >
Hypothyroidism can be caused by a variety of factors including autoimmune disease, thyroid surgery, having too little or too much iodine, and taking certain medications such as lithium, according to Healthline. Radiation treatment for Grave's disease or Hodgkin's lymphoma can also cause hypothyroidism, and people can also be born with it.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, osteoporosis can be caused by low estrogen levels in women, lack of calcium or vitamin D, a sedentary lifestyle, various thyroid conditions, smoking, too much alcohol, and certain medical conditions and medications. It is usually a combination of these that causes bone loss and thinning of the bones. In men, osteoporosis can also be caused by low testosterone levels.Full Answer >
Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria, according to Mayo Clinic. Spread when an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks and releases droplets into the air, tuberculosis is contagious. It is not easily transmittable from person to person, and people who live with someone infected with tuberculosis are at greatest risk.Full Answer >