According to WebMD, water on the elbow, or bursitis, is caused by pressure on the bursa, a blow to the elbow or an infection. Of these causes, pressure is the most prevalent. In fact, it is called student's elbow because students lean on their elbows while studying, which puts pressure on the bursa and causes inflammation, according to John Hopkins Medicine.Know More
WebMD describes water on the elbow as a condition in which the bursa, which are sacs of fluid located on the elbow that lubricate the joint, swell up. Besides swelling, other symptoms include pain, tenderness, redness and fever. Once bursitis sets in, the sac needs to be drained of fluid and anti-inflammatory medicine must be injected into it. John Hopkins Medicine points out that icing and compressing the affected area also help to relieve the swelling. In the cases of infection, antibiotics need to be administered and the condition needs to be evaluated by a doctor immediately. In cases of chronic bursitis, the joint needs to be immobilized to decrease the friction and pressure on the bursa.
There are a few ways to prevent bursitis. WebMD emphasizes the need for elbow protection, such as elbow pads, particularly in sports that potentially cause a hard impact to the elbow that can cause this condition. Another prevention measure is to avoid leaning on the elbows.Learn More
TMJ, or temporomandibular joint disorders, can be caused by injury to the jaw joint, grinding of the teeth, dislocation of the soft cushion or disc in the jaw joint, or by osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. According to the Mayo Clinic, however, in many cases, the cause of TMJ is unclear.Full Answer >
Hypothyroidism can be caused by a variety of factors including autoimmune disease, thyroid surgery, having too little or too much iodine, and taking certain medications such as lithium, according to Healthline. Radiation treatment for Grave's disease or Hodgkin's lymphoma can also cause hypothyroidism, and people can also be born with it.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, osteoporosis can be caused by low estrogen levels in women, lack of calcium or vitamin D, a sedentary lifestyle, various thyroid conditions, smoking, too much alcohol, and certain medical conditions and medications. It is usually a combination of these that causes bone loss and thinning of the bones. In men, osteoporosis can also be caused by low testosterone levels.Full Answer >
According to Mayo Clinic, hernias can be caused by a variety of factors such as straining when urinating or passing stool, heavy lifting and abdominal wall weakness. Hernias can also be brought on by a build up of pressure in the abdomen, excessive coughing and pregnancy. In certain cases, hernias have no identifiable cause.Full Answer >