The cervix hangs low and is hard to the touch during menstruation, according to FertilityAuthority.com. The cervical opening is similar in texture to the smooth cartilage at the tip of the nose. Following menstruation, the cervix shifts upward and is soft to the touch.Know More
Clear Passage Physical Therapy explains that pain in the cervical opening during menstruation can occur if the cervix is injured or if the opening itself is covered with adhesions that block menstrual flow.
Healthline suggests that women with cervical stenosis, a medical condition in which the cervix is underdeveloped, often experience pain during menstruation due to pressure on the cervical opening.Learn more about Menstruation
While hormonal imbalances are the most common cause of watery or thin blood during menstruation, several other factors could play a part. Other causes may include malnutrition, thyroid imbalance, a woman's age, a very thin uterine lining or early pregnancy. Taking birth control pills can also cause hormonal changes that impact the consistency of menstrual blood, according to The Access Project.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, the presence of brown blood during menstruation is very common and unlikely to be cause for concern. Shades of dark brown or even black can also be expected. The reason for this color change is due to the body not releasing older blood quickly enough.Full Answer >
Perimenopause, extreme weight gain or loss, stress, medications, an endocrine disorder and metabolic syndrome can all create fluctuations in the menstrual cycle that can cause menstruation to occur earlier than usual, according to CNN. Any change in a menstrual cycle that lasts longer than three weeks should be evaluated by a gynecologist, according to CNN.Full Answer >
Cramping following menstruation is a common symptom of endometriosis, a common condition in which uterine tissue develops in other areas of the body, such as the ovaries or fallopian tubes, according to WebMD. When the hormones fluctuate during the menstrual cycle, the uterine growths react, causing cramping and discomfort.Full Answer >