Colon resection, the simple term for colectomy, is a surgical procedure in which all or part of the large intestine is resected. Colectomy treats or prevents conditions that affect the colon, according to Mayo Clinic.Know More
Colectomy is also known as large bowel resection, according to Healthline. Total colectomy is the term for the removal of the whole colon. Partial colectomy, also called subtotal colectomy, involves removing most parts of the colon. Hemicolectomy is the removal of the right or left part of the colon. Proctocolectomy is the removal of both the colon and the rectum, according to Medscape.
Before starting the surgery, the patient receives general anesthesia, notes Healthline. In an open surgery, the surgeon creates a large incision in the abdomen to see the colon right away. The less invasive option is a laparoscopic surgery, wherein the surgeon uses a camera to view the intestines and performs through a sequence of small incisions. However, the pattern of both surgeries is the same. The surgeon accesses the colon with one or more incisions, the damaged colon is removed, the remaining colon is sewn together, other procedures are performed if necessary, and then the incisions are closed by stitching.
Colectomy is used to treat colon cancer, diverticulitis, infections, precancerous polyps and intestinal blockages, according to Healthline.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
The colon, also referred to asÂ the large intestine, is the last section of the digestive tract. The colon consists of the cecum,Â the ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum. Â While the cecum is the first section of colon that is found in the lower right abdominal region, the rectum is the last region where stool is stored.Full Answer >
The sigmoid colon is located at the end of the large intestine immediately before the rectum, according to Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. It is the final section of the large intestine and follows the ascending colon, transverse colon and descending colon.Full Answer >
A person with a redundant colon has a large intestine that is bigger than ones in the average human body. It is longer than usual, and the extra organ material creates loops in the colon that are repetitive, or redundant.Full Answer >
Colon resection surgery takes out part of the colon or at least some of its tissue. Two conditions that warrant a colon resection are colorectal cancer and diverticulitis, During a resection, the surgeon removes the affected parts of an organ or intestine, according to WebMD.Full Answer >