A person with type 2 diabetes should eat a diet consisting of foods that contain plenty of nutrients and minimal fats and calories. Healthy carbohydrates such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes and low-fat dairy products should be the focus of most meals, notes Mayo Clinic.Know More
Simple and complex carbohydrates break down into blood glucose, so they should be avoided in favor of healthier carbohydrates. Foods that have plenty of fiber are ideal, as fiber helps to regulate blood sugar levels, and they also lower the risk of heart disease. Some excellent choices include beans, peas and lentils. Other fiber-rich foods include wheat bran, whole-wheat flour, vegetables and fruits, states Mayo Clinic.
Eating fish twice per week is recommended by Mayo Clinic. Some examples of healthy fish include mackerel, halibut, tuna and cod. Other options are salmon, bluefish and sardines. Foods that contain monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, such as avocados, nuts and olives, can keep cholesterol levels down, but they should be consumed in small quantities. Foods that contain cholesterol, trans fats or saturated fats should be avoided whenever possible, notes Mayo Clinic.
Speaking to a dietitian is the best way to form an individualized meal plan. Diets vary depending on many factors, including age, size and level of physical activity. A dietitian can recommend carb counting methods, explain the glycemic index and create a sample menu that can be used as a template. A diabetes diet is not very restrictive, and mainly requires healthy food choices and eating habits, according to Mayo Clinic.Learn more about Nutrition & Diets
A person needs to eat foods that contain calories, such as plants that contain fats, meal replacement drinks, dried fruits and animal fats, among others, as noted by WebMD. However, a person should avoid stuffing himself or herself as it can lead to an increase in body fat.Full Answer >
Individuals who have type 2 diabetes must follow a diet that is full of healthy carbohydrates, fats and proteins, according to Everyday Health. Eating healthy foods with type 2 diabetes can help control a patient's blood sugar levels and keep him from experiencing side effects of the disease.Full Answer >
Type 2 diabetics can eat fresh, frozen or canned fruit as part of a healthy diet, states the American Diabetes Association. Dried and juiced fruit can also be consumed, but their smaller portion sizes may render them less filling.Full Answer >
While no foods are explicitly prohibited on the American Diabetes Association diet, the does plan discourage over consumption of starchy carbohydrates, sugars, saturated fats and trans fats. These compounds have the greatest impact on blood glucose and cholesterol levels and are often the source of unnecessary calories, states the ADA.Full Answer >