In medical coding, the primary diagnosis is the condition that requires the most resources and care, while the principal diagnosis is the condition that causes the patient to be admitted into a hospital or other care facility. In most cases, the primary and principal diagnoses are the same, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality says.Know More
The purpose of the principal diagnosis is to establish what condition is causing the symptoms that the patient experiences. In rare cases, the patient has more than one principal diagnosis, meaning that a medical condition interrelates with another condition, according to Yaki Technologies. This also occurs when more than one separate principal diagnosis is equally responsible for a hospital stay. For example, a patient who has a chronic disease might have multiple recent manifestations that result in an inpatient stay. In this case, the principal diagnoses are the manifestations that caused the most recent hospital visit.
The purpose of the primary diagnosis is to establish where doctors focus the majority of resources to treat a condition. The primary diagnosis is not always the principal diagnosis because a symptom of a principal condition can cost more money and resources to treat than the underlying condition that causes it. Coding the primary and principal diagnoses separately is a requirement for all medical facilities, even if the condition is the same for both.Learn more about Diagnostics & Imaging
The function of a hospital is to provide surgical and medical care to the sick or disabled, according to Dictionary.com. About.com also notes that the role of a hospital is to deliver babies when needed on behalf of families. A hospital has more equipment, resources and space than a doctor's office when treating very ill patients and is able to accommodate patients for overnight stays.Full Answer >
A variety of factors, including medical history, family medical history, patient reports, diagnostic tests and physical examination, go into a physician being able to make an accurate diagnosis, according to Encyclopaedia Brittanica. This is one reason that accurate symptom reports from patients are vital when visiting a doctor.Full Answer >
A computed tomography, or CT, urography is used as a primary imaging procedure to diagnose urinary tract conditions including hematuria, cancers and abnormalities such as kidney or bladder stones, according to the Radiological Society of North America. CT urograms can also provide information about other structures and conditions of the abdominal and pelvic regions.Full Answer >
Spots on the liver found by medical imaging indicate liver disease and could be benign cysts, abscesses, hematomas, hemangiomas or tumors, as reported by WebMD. Any of these abnormalities could manifest from, injury, infection or cancer.Full Answer >