According to Go4Life, exercise can be broken down into four types: aerobic, strength training, flexibility and balance exercises. Although most people focus on just one type of physical activity, people benefit more from incorporating different forms of exercise into their lives.Know More
Aerobic activity involves increasing the heart and breathing rate over an extended amount of time, according to Go4Life. Walking, dancing, biking and gardening are a few activities that qualify as aerobic exercise. These exercises improve heart health and overall fitness.
Strength training increases muscle mass and helps to burn calories more efficiently, according to the Mayo Clinic. Moreover, strength training builds stronger bones and prevents chronic conditions, such as back pain and diabetes. Strength training includes lifting free weights, using resistance tubes and body weight training exercises, such as pushups and leg squats.
Flexibility or stretching exercises improve circulation and the range of motion of the joints, according to the Mayo Clinic. Stretching involves extending a muscle until tension is felt and then holding the stretch for around 30 seconds. According to Go4Life, calf stretches and yoga exercises improve flexibility.
Exercises that improve balance are important, especially for older adults and obese individuals, according to the American Heart Association. These exercises prevent falls. Yoga and tai chai can improve balance. Other exercises that involve balance include standing on one foot and walking heel to toe.Learn more about Exercise
People with arthritis should do weight-bearing, cardiovascular, muscle strengthening and flexibility exercises in order to protect joints from prevent further deterioration, according to WebMD. Weight-bearing and cardiovascular exercises are done while upright and force the body to work against gravity, About.com explains. Examples include walking, dancing, hiking, golfing, tennis and bowling.Full Answer >
After a rotator cuff injury, exercises strengthen the region's muscles and tendons and enhance flexibility, according to MedlinePlus. Exercises also help a person recover some strength and flexibility following surgery on a damaged rotator cuff, states WebMD.Full Answer >
Physical therapy exercises recommended by therapists that strengthen surrounding muscles and maintain their flexibility are important, explains the American College of Rheumatology. Patients with cervical spinal stenosis can also get pain relief through immobilization, medications and ultrasound, electrical stimulation and heat, according to New York University's Langone Medical Center.Full Answer >
Warming up and cooling down before and after an exercise regime allows exercisers to gain flexibility, prepare their muscles and gain range of motion in their joints. This is important to staying healthy and injury free while exercising.Full Answer >