Physical or mental disabilities, physical illnesses and emotional disorders are common forms of special needs, according to KidsHealth. People with special needs may rely on essential supplies, equipment or transportation, such as wheelchairs and hearing aids, to learn and function productively. Kids with serious illnesses may need medication administered at school, and children with emotional or behavioral issues may have regular meetings with a therapist.Know More
Federal laws aim to promote free and equal education by requiring public schools to accommodate students with special needs and restrict their learning experience as little as possible, according to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. The 1975 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act includes eight major special needs categories: vision and hearing impairment, autism, traumatic brain injury, learning disabilities, serious emotional disturbance, mental retardation, physical disability and any other unspecified impairments. Children with special needs that don't satisfy IDEA criteria are still entitled to "reasonable accommodations," such as untimed testing, under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
The 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act fosters equal employment opportunity by protecting special needs adults from discrimination at work. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission encourages employers to show fair consideration to physically or mentally impaired applicants who have appropriate qualifications if they can adequately perform the job with reasonable accommodations. Employers aren't required to provide accommodation if doing so is logistically or financially difficult.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Chicken pox often begins with a headache, upset stomach, sore throat and a fever of 101 to 102 degrees Fahrenheit, according to KidsHealth. These symptoms, along with a general feeling of being unwell, may occur a couple of days before the chicken pox rash develops, notes the Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >
Scarlet fever is contagious and typically contracted through fluids from the throat and nose when an infected individual coughs or sneezes, according to KidsHealth. It can also be spread through eating utensils and cups. Scarlet fever is caused by an infectious group-A streptococcus bacteria, which also causes strep throat.Full Answer >
Thyroglobulin antibodies are proteins that the immune system uses to block the thyroglobulin compound, according to KidsHealth. Thyroglobulin, used by the thyroid gland, helps to control metabolism and growth hormones. Normally, antibodies are created by the immune system to fight off foreign viruses or toxins in the body. However, in certain immune disorders, the immune system mistakes healthy tissues or organs for foreign substances and creates antibodies against them.Full Answer >
The most common symptom of mono in children is a flu-like illness that goes away on its own after a few weeks of rest, according to KidsHealth. Caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, mono creates relatively few symptoms in young children. It causes more significant symptoms in older kids and teens. Other symptoms of the illness include fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, headaches and a skin rash.Full Answer >