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What are some diseases that affect the excretory system?

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Quick Answer

Some of the diseases that affect the excretory system are nephritis, kidney stones and cystitis. The excretory system helps to remove liquid waste from the body. Any failure of this system causes the waste products to circulate throughout the body, creating complications for the whole body.

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Full Answer

Nephritis is the swelling of one or both kidneys. The body’s organs get infected by means of autoimmune malfunctions. Among the disorders, lupus nephritis is a serious illness. The autoimmune system of the human body attacks body tissues and also body cells. This leads to aching in the beginning and progresses to impairment of body organ function.

Another disease of the excretory system, kidney stones, is small-sized accumulations of calcium, which are generally observed in the nephrons. The stones can cause tremendous pain and can lead to more serious problems. The primary cause is modification of or increase in salt levels and other elements in urine. Heredity can also be a contributory factor for kidney stones.

The swelling of the bladder is known as cystitis. The bladder stores urine until it is released by the body. The bladder is an area where bacteria can grow easily, leading to its swelling. This disease may arise because of bacterial infection, the effect of medications, utilizing a catheter for a long period of time and undetected ailments.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are fun facts about the excretory system?

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    One fun fact about the excretory system is that the kidneys receive signals to produce less urine in an effort to preserve hydration when the temperature is hot or there isn't much drinking water available, according to Biology4Kids. When someone consumes too much water, hormones release to make urine production increase.

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  • Q:

    What is the main function of the excretory system?

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    The excretory system is a collection of organs tasked with removing excess nitrogen and other toxins from the body. The kidneys, liver and large intestine perform most of the filtration duties. Solid waste passes out through the colon, gaseous waste exits the body through the lungs and excess liquid leaves through the bladder and skin.

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  • Q:

    What is the importance of the excretory system?

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    The excretory system removes the potentially toxic substances that accumulate from metabolic processes. In mammals, the primary organs used to filter the blood of excess chemicals, particularly nitrogenous wastes, are the kidneys. Other organs involved include the ureters that carry urine to the bladder, which stores the wastes until they can be excreted via the urethra.

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  • Q:

    What role do the lungs have in the excretory system?

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    According to the New Health Guide Organization, the role the lungs play in the excretory system is to dispose of carbon dioxide through exhalation. This occurs when cells release carbon dioxide into the bloodstream. The blood then travels to the lungs where the carbon dioxide is transferred to the lungs.

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