Q:

What are some diseases that affect the excretory system?

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Quick Answer

Some of the diseases that affect the excretory system are nephritis, kidney stones and cystitis. The excretory system helps to remove liquid waste from the body. Any failure of this system causes the waste products to circulate throughout the body, creating complications for the whole body.

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Full Answer

Nephritis is the swelling of one or both kidneys. The body’s organs get infected by means of autoimmune malfunctions. Among the disorders, lupus nephritis is a serious illness. The autoimmune system of the human body attacks body tissues and also body cells. This leads to aching in the beginning and progresses to impairment of body organ function.

Another disease of the excretory system, kidney stones, is small-sized accumulations of calcium, which are generally observed in the nephrons. The stones can cause tremendous pain and can lead to more serious problems. The primary cause is modification of or increase in salt levels and other elements in urine. Heredity can also be a contributory factor for kidney stones.

The swelling of the bladder is known as cystitis. The bladder stores urine until it is released by the body. The bladder is an area where bacteria can grow easily, leading to its swelling. This disease may arise because of bacterial infection, the effect of medications, utilizing a catheter for a long period of time and undetected ailments.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why is the excretory system important to the human body?

    A:

    Course information from the University of Cincinnati states that the excretory system is important to the human body because without it, nitrogenous wastes would build up in blood and tissues to toxic levels. The kidneys play a major role, filtering the nitrogenous wastes from the blood and mixing them with water to make urine. The kidneys filter large volumes of blood every day for this purpose.

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  • Q:

    What is the main function of the excretory system?

    A:

    The excretory system is a collection of organs tasked with removing excess nitrogen and other toxins from the body. The kidneys, liver and large intestine perform most of the filtration duties. Solid waste passes out through the colon, gaseous waste exits the body through the lungs and excess liquid leaves through the bladder and skin.

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  • Q:

    How do you pass a kidney stone?

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    Patients with kidney stones usually require plenty of water and appropriate pain medication to pass the painful objects through the urinary tract, and some people require surgery in extreme cases, according to the Mayo Clinic. MedicineNet explains that kidney stones pass from the kidneys, into the ureter, through the bladder and into the urethra before being flushed out of the body.

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  • Q:

    How do you prevent kidney stones?

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    According to the Harvard Health Blog, preventing kidney stones requires taking specific steps in relation to one's diet. Water dilutes the substances that form the stones, which are excreted in urine. Therefore, drinking 64 ounces of a variety of fluids daily helps remove these potentially harmful materials. In particular, citrus drinks, such as orange juice and lemonade, contain citrate, which helps prevent stone formation.

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