Some of the diseases that affect the excretory system are nephritis, kidney stones and cystitis. The excretory system helps to remove liquid waste from the body. Any failure of this system causes the waste products to circulate throughout the body, creating complications for the whole body.Know More
Nephritis is the swelling of one or both kidneys. The body’s organs get infected by means of autoimmune malfunctions. Among the disorders, lupus nephritis is a serious illness. The autoimmune system of the human body attacks body tissues and also body cells. This leads to aching in the beginning and progresses to impairment of body organ function.
Another disease of the excretory system, kidney stones, is small-sized accumulations of calcium, which are generally observed in the nephrons. The stones can cause tremendous pain and can lead to more serious problems. The primary cause is modification of or increase in salt levels and other elements in urine. Heredity can also be a contributory factor for kidney stones.
The swelling of the bladder is known as cystitis. The bladder stores urine until it is released by the body. The bladder is an area where bacteria can grow easily, leading to its swelling. This disease may arise because of bacterial infection, the effect of medications, utilizing a catheter for a long period of time and undetected ailments.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
The major organs of the excretory system are the skin, the lungs, the kidneys, the liver, the urinary system and the large intestine. These organs function to eliminate waste and excess materials from the body, but the excretory system doesn't have a formal anatomical classification.Full Answer >
The excretory system is a system of organs that work together to rid the body of any waste. The excretory systems includes the lungs, ureter, urethra, liver, urinary bladder, kidneys and skin. The excretory system controls the volume of extracellular fluid and also maintains ionic balance in the fluid. The system controls the pH and osmotic concentration of the fluid, and it excretes urea, uric acid and ammonia.Full Answer >
A worm's excretory system is different because it has excretory organs in almost every segment of its body. The system is made up of coiled tubes called nephridia that open into the body cavity.Full Answer >
Common diseases that affect the circulatory system include coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, arteriolosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, hypertension, stroke, aortic dissection, aneurysm, pericarditis, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, tachycardia, cardiac dysrhythmias, heart valve diseases, acyanotic and cyanotic heart diseases, shock and vasculitis, as listed at Khan Academy. These diseases affect the heart, blood vessels, blood and other tissue fluids.Full Answer >