Diseases that affect the human body's muscular system include genetic disorders such as muscle dystrophy and cancers such as soft tissue sarcoma, according to MedlinePlus. Glycogen-storage diseases, tetany and myotonia congenita can also affect the muscular system, notes Encyclopædia Britannica.Know More
Muscle dystrophy refers to several muscle diseases in which abnormal genes cause muscle loss and weakness. Most forms of muscle dystrophy are congenital diseases and affect a majority of boys, notes Mayo Clinic. Myotonia congenita is a type of muscle dystrophy that causes the enlargement and increased stiffness of muscles. Tetany is another medical condition that affects the muscular system by causing uncontrollable spasms in the muscles involving the arms, legs and voice box, according to Encyclopædia Britannica. Muscular atrophy is one indication of the presence of a muscular system disease.
Soft tissue sarcoma is a cancer that affects soft tissues, including the muscles, nerves, fat and blood vessels. Many types of soft tissue sarcomas develop in the arms and legs, states the American Cancer Society. Smooth muscle and skeletal muscle tissue tumors affect how the body's muscles work. Rhabdomyosarcomas are a type of malignant skeletal muscle tumor that commonly affects the arms and legs. Unlike leiomyosarcomas, another type of malignant tumor affecting smooth muscles, rhabdomyosarcomas affect children more often than adults.Learn more about Pain & Symptoms
Diseases of the scalp include alopecia areata and lichen planus, according to Healthline. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder where the body's immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, and lichen planus is a skin disease that causes hair loss and discoloration of the scalp.Full Answer >
The current International Statistical Classification for Diseases and Related Health Problems is ICD-10, which contains 22 classifications that break down into hierarchies containing 14,400 diagnoses. These diagnoses are assigned codes that can be expanded to over 16,000 diagnoses via sub-classifications.Full Answer >
Diseases and disorders caused by riboflavin, or vitamin B2, deficiency include glossitis, conjunctivitis, dermatitis and anemia, according to The Merck Manual for Health Care Professionals. Symptoms of this malady are sore throat, lesions of the lips and mucous in the mouth. Redness of the skin also develops when riboflavin deficiency occurs. Swelling of the eye and keratitis occur in rare cases.Full Answer >
Diseases that affect the stomach lining include gastritis, stomach ulcers, stomach polyps and stomach cancer, according to WebMD, Mayo Clinic and Healthline. The stomach lining produces enzymes and the acid responsible for digestion, notes Healthline.Full Answer >