The National Institutes of Health lists no specific diseases that are caused by a paramecium. Paramecia are part of a larger group of organisms called protozoa. While not caused by paramecia, malaria and diarrhoeal diseases such as cryptosporidiosis and giardias are due to other protozoan parasites. The CDC states that disease-causing protozoa are capable of multiplying in humans, allowing an infection to develop from a single organism.
According to the NIH, diseases caused by protozoa are transmitted both directly and indirectly. Direct transmission includes consuming contaminated food, person-to-person contact or being bitten by an infected animal such as a mosquito. Indirect transmission is a common cause of diarrhoeal diseases and includes using sewage-contaminated water for drinking, washing or preparing foods.
A paramecium is a single-celled organism that is generally the size of a period at the end of a sentence, states Encyclopedia Britannica. Depending on the species, one paramecium may appear elongated and streamlined, while another resembles a footprint. Each paramecium is covered with fine hairs called cilia, which help the paramecium move and direct food and other particles into its mouth. Wikipedia states that paramecia primarily consume bacteria, yeast and algae, and they live mostly in freshwater, stagnant ponds and marine environments.Learn More
Lack of sufficient dietary elements such as proteins, vitamins and nutrient minerals causes various deficiency diseases, according to Healthline. Examples of deficiency diseases along with the respective nutrients whose lack results in the conditions include: beriberi (vitamin B1), kwashiorkor (protein), goiter (iodine), anemia (iron), marasmus (protein), pellagra (vitamin B3), scurvy (vitamin C), rickets (vitamin D) and osteoporosis (vitamin D and calcium).Full Answer >
Some of the diseases that affect the excretory system are nephritis, kidney stones and cystitis. The excretory system helps to remove liquid waste from the body. Any failure of this system causes the waste products to circulate throughout the body, creating complications for the whole body.Full Answer >
Three interesting rare diseases, described on the National Organization for Rare Disorders website, are Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCS), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). GCS causes abnormalities on the face, fingers and toes. IPF causes thickening, stiffening and scarring of lung tissue. XP causes a deficiency in the body's ability to repair damage from ultraviolet light.Full Answer >
Protozoan diseases include amoebiasis, African sleeping sickness and toxoplasmosis among many more. These diseases vary in intensity, source and duration and may affect the health of humans, plants and other living organisms. Some diseases caused by protozoa are relatively benign, while others are malignant and may be life threatening.Full Answer >