Chromosomal abnormalities, intestinal obstruction, bleeding during pregnancy, cystic fibrosis and infections are some of the causes of echogenic bowel. In babies with echogenic bowel, the bowel tissue appears especially bright on an ultrasound. Most babies with this condition are normal, but echogenic bowel is linked to some abnormalities, according to Dartmouth-HItchcock.Know More
The Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine says echogenic bowel appears in approximately 0.2 to 1.8 percent of routine ultrasounds during the second trimester of pregnancy. Echogenic bowel is diagnosed when the bowel tissue appears brighter than the surrounding bone. Once echogenic bowel is identified, a medical professional should conduct an in-depth ultrasound examination to look for other abnormalities. The baby's mother should also be given the option of undergoing amniocentesis, defined by WebMD as analysis of the amniotic fluid surrounding a fetus.
If a fetus has echogenic bowel, the mother may need additional tests. The maternal serum screening helps determine if a baby has an increased risk of Down syndrome. Blood tests help identify some of the infections that may cause echogenic bowel. Dartmouth-Hitchcock says there is also a test available to determine if someone is a carrier for cystic fibrosis. This test is approximately 90 percent accurate when used to screen people of European descent.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues
According to the Mayo Clinic, excessive bowel movements have many causes, including celiac disease, Crohn's disease, hyperthyroidism, irritable bowel syndrome, side effects of drugs and ulcerative colitis. What constitutes excessive bowel movements varies among individuals, with some healthy individuals having up to three bowel movements per day. Changes in lifestyle such as increased exercise or a diet higher in fiber will harmlessly cause more frequent bowel movements.Full Answer >
"Dumping syndrome" is a term used to describe a group of symptoms that are sometimes experienced after having weight loss surgery to bypass the stomach or after having all or part of the stomach surgically removed, explains Mayo Clinic. Dumping syndrome is sometimes referred to as "rapid gastric emptying" and involves the rapid emptying of undigested stomach contents into the small bowel, usually accompanied by diarrhea, nausea and abdominal cramping.Full Answer >
The symptoms of small bowel obstruction include waves of intense, cramping abdominal pain around the bellybutton or between the bellybutton and the rib cage, according to Drugs.com. Other symptoms are rapid breathing, rapid heart rate, nausea, vomiting, an absence of gas in the rectum, bloating and belly tenderness.Full Answer >
The most common cause of common biliary duct dilatation is obstruction due to gallstones, states the Radiology Assistant. Another cause of obstruction besides gallstones is stricture, or narrowing, of the common bile duct.Full Answer >