The U.S. Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry, ATSDR, states that mild cases of ammonia inhalation result in coughing and nose, eye and throat irritation. Severe exposures to gaseous ammonia can result in chemical burns to the nasal passages, eyes and respiratory tract.Know More
According to the ATSDR, prolonged contact with ammonia triggers swelling and narrowing of the throat and the lung's airways. Severe swelling can obstruct the lungs making breathing difficult or impossible. Prolonged contact with high concentrations of ammonia also puts a person at risk of temporary or permanent blindness, lung disease and even death.
The ATSDR states that ammonia's harmful effects are the result of its reaction with moisture. When ammonia contacts the mucus membranes in bodily tissues, such as the eyes and throat, it forms a caustic alkaline solution known as ammonium hydrate. This results in chemical burns to the exposed tissues. The pungent smell of ammonia serves as a clear warning to its presence and occurs at concentrations as low as 5 parts per million, which do not pose a health risk. When working around ammonia-based chemicals, such as household cleaners and fertilizers, a person needs to provide ample ventilation to the area, wear protective clothing and leave the affected area if irritation occurs.Learn more about Side Effects
A chemical burn from hair toner should be treated as a heat burn: rinse the skin with copious amounts of water or saline solution, according to the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Protect eyes, brush solid material from skin, remove all contaminated clothing and rinse with plain water for 5 to 30 minutes depending on the chemical used.Full Answer >
When gasoline splashes into the eye, it sometimes causes damage to the cornea, according to the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Gasoline is a mild eye irritant. First aid for a gasoline spill includes rinsing the eye with water and seeking emergency care.Full Answer >
Most people do not suffer side effects with folic acid, but those who take high amounts of it may experience confusion, diarrhea, sleep disorders, upset stomach and other conditions, states WebMD. Taking a lot of folic acid over a long period may increase the risk of a heart attack.Full Answer >
Drinking coffee containing caffeine can lead to insomnia, nervousness, upset stomach and headache in some individuals, states WebMD. Coffee is safe for most adults, but drinking more than six cups per day can cause symptoms such as anxiety and agitation. Unfiltered coffee may increase total cholesterol in some patients.Full Answer >