Q:

What are the effects of exercise on the muscular system?

A:

The immediate effects of exercise on the muscular system include muscle contraction, higher blood flow to muscles and increased muscle temperature, according to the BBC. Regular training increases bone width and density, strengthens muscles, tendons and ligaments, and increases flexibility at joints. It also leads to bigger muscles, more stable joints and improved muscle endurance.

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Exercise is crucial for strong muscles and bones, according to the New York Times. Studies show that exercise helps people become stronger and leaner and also helps people reduce their risk of body pain, as they age. People with osteoarthritis who exercise regularly report less pain and disability. They are able to perform daily activities and stay independent longer than inactive people. Strengthening exercises are helpful for osteoarthritis patients, as they build muscle strength. For those who do not have osteoarthritis, strengthening exercises for the thigh muscles help prevent this disease.

The New York Times states that range-of-motion exercises, such as yoga and tai chi, improve movement in joints and muscles. Low-impact aerobic exercises, including walking and swimming, are recommended for patients with arthritis, as they effectively support and stabilize joints. Exercise also helps slow down the progression of osteoporosis, and reduces the risk of falling by building balance and flexibility.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why does your heart rate increase when you exercise?

    A:

    As soon as a person begins to exercise, the heart begins beating more rapidly in an effort to pump oxygen-containing blood to the muscles. In order to contract, which they must during exercise, muscles require more oxygen than they do when at rest. A person's heart rate continues to increase with more exertion until it reaches its maximum capacity.

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  • Q:

    Why does the body need more oxygen during exercise?

    A:

    The body needs more oxygen during exercise because the muscles need to produce more energy for the body to become more active, explains the Lung Institute of Western Australia. This is done by breaking down glucose from food.

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    What is a good pull-up exercise?

    A:

    Pull-ups are ideal exercises for strengthening back muscles. According to Men's Fitness, they are one of the best methods for sculpting a person's physique to sport a wider torso.

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  • Q:

    How do I keep the muscular system healthy?

    A:

    To keep the muscular system healthy, a person must exercise regularly, have a balanced diet and get sufficient sleep, according to the American Physiological Society, AZCentral and Science Daily. The combination of these three requirements promotes recovery and prevents the muscular system from exhaustion.

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