Elevated liver enzymes occur when there is damage or inflammation on the liver. The damage causes the liver cells to produce a higher amount of certain chemicals, which are deposited into the bloodstream. The liver enzymes that are usually elevated in the blood include alanine transaminase, or ALT, and aspartate transaminase, or AST.Know More
The most common causes of elevated liver enzymes include obesity, alcohol, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, certain over-the-counter pain drugs, certain prescription medications and fatty liver disease. The elevation is also linked to other conditions, such as heart attacks, liver cancer, cirrhosis, pancreatitis, Wilson's disease, mononucleosis, dermatomyositis and gallbladder inflammation, among others. A doctor will be able to determine the underlying cause after checking the symptoms and reviewing the medications of a person.
Elevation of the liver enzymes can occur temporarily, and it is usually detected during normal blood tests. Most of the time, the elevation may not indicate a serious liver problem, as stated by Mayo Clinic. At most times, the elevation can only be treated after treating the underlying cause. Further tests and procedures may be necessary to know the exact cause of the elevation. Liver tests will check for the availability of the enzymes in the blood, as stated by WebMD.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues
The most common causes of elevated liver enzymes are certain prescription medications, including statins; alcohol consumption; heart failure; hepatitis A, B and C; and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, according to Mayo Clinic. Obesity and over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen can also cause enzyme elevation.Full Answer >
Natural ways to lower elevated liver enzymes include eating foods that cleanse the liver naturally, taking liver-cleansing supplements, and performing liver and gallbladder cleanses biannually, according to the Global Healing Center. Recommended foods include garlic, grapefruit, beets, carrots and green tea.Full Answer >
An ultrasound may be requested by a physician to determine the underlying cause of elevated levels of liver enzymes such as alanine transaminase, or ALT, and aspartate transaminase, or AST, according to American Family Physician. The ultrasound enables a physician to look at the liver and surrounding organs.Full Answer >
Elevated levels of the liver enzyme gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, or GGT, may be caused by habits and conditions that damage the liver, including overconsumption of alcohol and drugs, hepatitis, loss of blood flow to the liver and cirrhosis of the liver, according to Healthline. Heart failure can also raise levels of GGT.Full Answer >