Elevated liver enzymes occur when there is damage or inflammation on the liver. The damage causes the liver cells to produce a higher amount of certain chemicals, which are deposited into the bloodstream. The liver enzymes that are usually elevated in the blood include alanine transaminase, or ALT, and aspartate transaminase, or AST.Know More
The most common causes of elevated liver enzymes include obesity, alcohol, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, certain over-the-counter pain drugs, certain prescription medications and fatty liver disease. The elevation is also linked to other conditions, such as heart attacks, liver cancer, cirrhosis, pancreatitis, Wilson's disease, mononucleosis, dermatomyositis and gallbladder inflammation, among others. A doctor will be able to determine the underlying cause after checking the symptoms and reviewing the medications of a person.
Elevation of the liver enzymes can occur temporarily, and it is usually detected during normal blood tests. Most of the time, the elevation may not indicate a serious liver problem, as stated by Mayo Clinic. At most times, the elevation can only be treated after treating the underlying cause. Further tests and procedures may be necessary to know the exact cause of the elevation. Liver tests will check for the availability of the enzymes in the blood, as stated by WebMD.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues
Swollen or damaged liver cells secrete elevated amounts of enzymes that can be detected by a blood test. An increased number of liver enzymes in testing indicates swelling or damage to the organ, notes Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >
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High liver enzymes could mean that there is damage or inflammation in the cells of the liver. The elevation can be acute, meaning a sudden injury to the cells, or chronic, indicating there is continuous damage to the liver.Full Answer >
The prognosis for liver cirrhosis is generally poor if the damage is severe enough, according to MedlinePlus. Once the liver develops scar tissue, that tissue can never heal or return to normal function and could cause serious complications.Full Answer >