Q:

What is end stage multiple myeloma?

A:

End stage multiple myeloma is the final stage of advanced multiple myeloma. According to MedlinePlus, the symptoms of end stage multiple myeloma include vomiting, nausea, urination problems, numbness in legs and constipation.

Multiple myeloma often times originates in the bone marrow and is similar to diseases such as leukemia and lymphoma. WebMD states that currently there is no cure for multiple myeloma and that the treatments move slowly in dealing with the disorder. During the early stages of multiple myeloma, no symptoms may be apparent. As the disease begins to move forward, symptoms include weight loss, kidney problems, bone pain due to lytic bone disease, anemia, confusion, excessive thirst from hypercalcemia, and infections. In rare cases, purple masses, known as extramedullary plasmacytomas, can develop beneath the skin.

According to WebMD, risk factors that can make people more vulnerable to multiple myeloma include being male, over 65 years of age, African-American, and having family members who have been afflicted by the disease. Those that have been diagnosed with solitary plasmacytoma, or monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance (MGUS), are also at risk for developing mutlple myeloma. During lab tests, indicators of multiple myeloma are anemia, protein in urine, elevated creatine, and high blood calcium.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is end stage pancreatic cancer?

    A:

    End stage pancreatic cancer is an advanced tumor of the pancreas that cannot be cured, as Cancer Research UK explains. However, a doctor may recommend treatment options to manage the condition. Management of advanced pancreatic cancer is meant to slow its growth and ease symptoms. According to National Cancer Institute, end-of-life care for cancer patients aims to control pain, nausea and shortness of breath.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How long can you live with Stage IV cancer?

    A:

    According to the American Cancer Society, the survival rate for stage IV cancer depends on the specific type of cancer involved. Many other factors also contribute to an individual patient's prognosis, such as age and overall health. A patient's oncologist is the best source for information on odds of survival.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the final stage of life for a star as massive as the Sun?

    A:

    After stars like the Sun expand to become red giants, they will end their lives as a white dwarf star, until finally dimming to become a black dwarf. White dwarf stars are made from the collapsed cores of red giants, once the outer layers of the star have been expelled.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the final stages of prostate cancer?

    A:

    The progression of prostate cancer is divided into four distinct stages; by the fourth stage the cancer will have spread to other parts of the body. In this final stage, the Gleason score can range from 2 to 10, and the cancer may have spread to nearby tissue such as the rectum, bladder or pelvic wall. It may also have spread to nearby lymph nodes, and often spreads to the bones.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore