According to the American Heritage Medical Dictionary, euthyroidism refers to either the physiological state one has if her thyroid hormone serum levels are normal or it is the regular, healthy functioning of the thyroid gland. Euthyroidism is in contrast with abnormal thyroid function in the form of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism refers to the condition of having an overactive thyroid, while hypothyroidism refers to having an underactive thyroid. The American Thyroid Association states that euthyroid sick syndrome describes abnormal thyroid hormone concentrations that occur without thyroidal illness. Instead, non-thyroidal illnesses cause low concentrations of triiodothyronine, total thyroxine and thyroid stimulating hormones.Learn More
Diabetes mellitus causes polydipsia, or excessive thirst, because of high blood sugar. According to the Mayo Clinic, the kidneys remove excess sugar from the blood, which results in higher urine production. As the body loses water through increased urination, or polyuria, this triggers thirst, and the diabetic drinks more water.Full Answer >
Cretinism, also known as congenital hypothyroidism, affects newborn infants through an anatomic thyroid defect, an error of thyroid metabolism, or iodine deficiency, according to Medscape. Symptoms present at birth include lethargy, enlarged anterior fontanel, poor feeding and rough facial features. In addition, cretinism is commonly accompanied by neck swelling, which manifests as goiters.Full Answer >
The side effects of dialysis include dry skin, decreased circulation in the muscles, nausea, low blood pressure and restless leg syndrome, according to the National Kidney Foundation. Patients may also experience difficulty sleeping, increased potassium levels or fluid overload.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, Asperger's syndrome is not a disease; it is a complex neurodevelopment disorder also classified as an autism spectrum disorder. It affects a child's social and communication skills and is a lifetime condition, although symptoms can improve over time. Asperger's cannot be prevented and its cause is unknown. Hans Asperger, a Viennese child psychologist, identified and published the syndrome's characteristics and behavior patterns in 1944.Full Answer >