Simple sugars, also called a monosaccharide, are molecules, such as glucose or fructose, that bond together to create more complex sugars, such as maltose or starch. Glucose is the simple sugar that is used as energy in the body.Know More
Simple sugars consist of between three and seven carbon atoms. Other elements present in sugars are hydrogen and oxygen. In the human body, glucose is the most popular form of simple sugar.
By combining with oxygen, glucose produces the energy cells need to run certain processes. Glucose in the presence of oxygen yields carbon dioxide and water. This reaction releases 2,870 kilojoules of energy. In the body, glucose is normally stored in the form of glycogen, which is a polysaccharide made of chains of the monosaccharide glucose.Learn more in Nutritional Content
All carbohydrates, such as sugar, pasta, fruits, rice, potatoes, legumes, bread, milk, yogurt and vegetables, are converted into glucose in the body. Other foods, such as fat and proteins, also provide energy to the body, but the main source of energy is from carbohydrates, as stated by GroupHealth.Full Answer >
Sugar is a carbohydrate. There are three types of carbohydrates: starches or complex carbohydrates, sugars or simple carbohydrates, and fiber. Table sugar, or sucrose, is an example of the carbohydrate type called sugars.Full Answer >
Iron is an example of a micronutrient. A micronutrient is defined as a nutrient that is only needed in very small amounts. Humans need micronutrients to manufacture hormones, produce enzymes and carry out other functions.Full Answer >
Most vegetables are low in sugar and salt, but there are a few that can be considered sugar and sodium free. According to the Huffington Post, green beans, cucumber, squash, eggplant and asparagus are all vegetables that are considered both sugar and sodium free. A vegetable must have 5 mg or less of sodium or sugar to be properly labeled as sodium or sugar free.Full Answer >