Examples of communicable, or infectious, diseases include hepatitis, polio, influenza, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis. These diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites are capable of spreading among people through the air, blood and other bodily fluids.Know More
Additional examples of communicable diseases include Ebola, cholera and smallpox. While these result in more serious afflictions, even the common cold is an infectious disease. Other popular diseases in this category are MRSA, or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and norovirus, a primary contributor to foodborne illness.
Influenza, which accounts for 36,000 deaths annually, contains many evolving viral strains that have the potential of causing a pandemic. Viral hepatitis, attributable to 1.4 million deaths per year, causes 78 percent of liver cancers and exacerbates the effects of HIV. The HIV virus attacks the immune system and makes people more vulnerable to other types of infections. Today, many people suffering from HIV live for 15 years before reaching the disease's final stage, AIDS.
Tuberculosis and malaria also prove to be indomitable fatal diseases that occur mainly in Africa. Tuberculosis is an airborne bacterial disease, while malaria is a parasitic disease communicated by mosquitoes. Polio is a viral disease that attacks the nervous system, and while it can cause permanent damage to children, it rarely advances fatally.Learn more about Cold & Flu
Pneumonia is a communicable disease, which means it can be spread from one person to another, according to GlobalHealth.gov. Communicable diseases are also referred to as infectious or contagious diseases.Full Answer >
Avian influenza, or bird flu, is a contagious virus that largely affects birds though some humans also become sick with the infection, explains World Health Organization. There are several species of the virus though most human infections result from A(H5N1) and A(H7N9).Full Answer >
Getting vaccinated against seasonal influenza confers immunity, or at least some resistance, to the most common forms of the virus in circulation. The treatment is not appropriate for all patients, however, and the CDC recommends against vaccination for patients who are at risk of developing a severe allergic reaction to gelatin, antibiotics or eggs. Patients who are already sick might be advised to wait until after recovery to get vaccinated.Full Answer >
According to WebMD.com, influenza, or what is commonly known as flu, is a viral infection of the respiratory system that can cause symptoms such as headache, muscle and body ache, fatigue, fever, coughing and congestion. These symptoms can occur instantaneously and last for several days or up to a week. It can also render a person incapable of functioning well, About.com reports.Full Answer >