While it is safe to take vitamins before bed, most health care experts do not recommend it. According to the New Health Guide, taking vitamins can boost energy and work as a stimulant. This could make it difficult to fall or stay asleep.
A medicine is any substance that is designed to prevent or treat diseases and a drug is designed to produce a specific reaction inside the body. While there is considerable overlap between the two types of substances, these differences are also quite important.
According to About.com, how long medicine takes to absorb into the stomach depends on the type of medication, whether it is taken with food or on an empty stomach, and the ability of the medication to pass into the bloodstream. The quickest absorption occurs with medications that dissolve in the mouth and the longest with those having a special coating that enables them to dissolve slowly in the stomach.
Theraflu isn't generally recommended during pregnancy because one of the ingredients, phenylephrine, is a category C drug. Other ingredients, such as acetaminophen, are considered safe in pregnancy.
The major difference between naproxen, the active ingredient in Aleve, and ibuprofen is that the former is not considered safe for use by patients with a history or risk of cardiovascular disease, while the latter is thought to be safer for such patients. Another difference is that naproxen is longer lasting than ibuprofen. Both are types of over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Depending upon the brand name, some of the active ingredients found in antacids include magnesium carbonate, aluminum hydroxide, calcium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate. These substances are bases, and can help to neutralize the stomach acidity that causes discomfort by increasing the pH level. Over-the-counter brand-name medications, such as Maalox, Tums, Rolaids, Brioschi, Pepto-Bismol, Alka-Seltzer and Mylanta, are all antacids.
According to MedlinePlus, "OTC" is an acronym for over-the-counter, indicating medications that someone can purchase without first having a prescription. OTC medications still pose health risks, particularly for people taking other medicines, people with specific medical conditions and for pregnant women.
Amoxicillin is not available over the counter. It is a prescription antibiotic that is used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria. It does not work for viruses, such as those that cause a cold or the flu.
According to the makers of Advil, none of the varieties of the pill contain caffeine. The active ingredient in Advil is ibuprofen, which can be used to lessen fevers, reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
Drug manufacturers list an expiration date for their products, so codeine does expire in abidance by that figure. Most drugs expire within 5 years. However, according to CNN Health, drugs as old as 40 years, including codeine, may still be as potent as when they were when manufactured.
According to the Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide, it is safe to use a drug past its expiration date. This indicates the last date the manufacturer guarantees that a drug is at its full strength. Expired Tylenol, at worst, loses some of its potency.
According to the American Society of Microbiology, antiseptics work by changing the pH of the environment of bacteria, making the environment inhabitable. Since microorganisms adapt to their environments, antiseptics have to work quickly to kill off the bacteria before it has a chance to adapt.
According to WebMD, taking ibuprofen with an ulcer can be extremely dangerous and possibly life-threatening. Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, also referred to as an NSAID. NSAIDs can cause increased abdominal pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, dark stools and internal bleeding. It is important for individuals with ulcers to discuss their pain medication options with a health professional before consuming any NSAID medication.
Prednisone is used to treat symptoms of low corticosteroid levels, arthritis, severe allergic reactions, multiple sclerosis, lupus and certain medical conditions that affect the lungs, skin, eyes, kidneys blood, thyroid, stomach and intestines, according to MedlinePlus. It may also be used at times to treat certain forms of cancer. Prednisone works by reducing swelling and redness and by changing the way the immune system functions.
The most powerful painkiller as deemed by medical professionals is currently Zohydro. Determining the effectiveness and power of a painkiller is opinionated and varies from person to person.
According to WebMD, penicillin is not commonly prescribed to cure bacterial vaginosis. Antibiotics such as clindamycin, metronidazole and tinidazole destroy bacteria that cause bacterial vaginosis.
Citric acid occurs naturally: it is found primarily in citrus fruits and some berries, and provides critical immune system support and essential nutrients. Citric acid, also called ascorbic acid, is found in lemons, grapefruit, and oranges along with some berries like blueberries and strawberries. It is a relatively weak acid; nevertheless, it plays an important role in maintaining human health according to the Mayo Clinic.
Horsetail extract is most commonly used for removing excess water from the body and for strengthening bones, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Men and women also take this herbal supplement to help with kidney stones, urinary tract infections, brittle nails and minor wounds.
Pills dissolve in the stomach when they are broken down by stomach acid. According to the Merck Manual, different dosages of drugs dissolve or dissolute inside the stomach based on the properties of their physical, outer shell. For example, tablets that have enteric coatings, such as aspirin, are able to withstand the low pH of the stomach, however, pills that do not have this coating will break down in the same conditions.
Valium, the generic name of which is diazepam, makes a person feel sleepy, says Patient.co.uk. It also increases the time it takes for a person to react and it is likely to impair judgment.
According to WebMD, the effects of a Botox injection last four to six months. A shot of Botox blocks signals that transmit from the nerves to the facial muscle into which it was injected, which means the muscle cannot contract. Botox forces the muscle to relax, making facial wrinkles soften.