The primary factors that affect a country’s total fertility rate include the significance of children as a member of the labor force and the cost of educating and rearing children, according to class notes from the Department of Geography at Hunter College. Other factors include urbanization, work opportunities for women and infant mortality rate.Know More
Developing countries usually have higher fertility rates, particularly in rural places where children work at a young age by helping plant crops, says Hunter College. Developed countries often have lower fertility rates, because bringing up a child is considerably more expensive. Moreover, children in developed nations do not enter the workforce until they become teenagers or reach their early 20s. Urbanization is another factor that affects fertility rates, as people who live in urban regions can typically get family planning services more easily. In rural areas, people have bigger families because they need children to carry out essential tasks.
Total fertility rates are generally low in countries where women can get educational and paid employment opportunities, notes Hunter College. Women lacking educational attainment in developing nations often bear two more children than those who have a secondary school education. Places with low infant mortality rates commonly have low fertility rates, because the number of children who die young is fewer. Also, women who marry at the age of 25 or older mostly have fewer children.Learn more about Pregnancy
The record for the most surviving children delivered at one time is held by Nadya Suleman, a U.S. citizen who gave birth to eight babies (two girls and six boys) at the Kaiser Permanente Medical Center in California on January 26, 2009. The children were conceived using IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) treatment.Full Answer >
According to the American Pregnancy Association, alcohol negatively affects the fetus during pregnancy by increasing the risk for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Alcohol is a teratogen; it is harmful to human development. When a pregnant women drinks alcohol, so does the fetus inside her through the placenta. The alcohol stays in the blood of the fetus longer damaging the growth of cells, especially the spinal cord cells, states WebMD.Full Answer >
Teenage pregnancy affects society in many ways, especially in the form of greater public expenses. Some examples of these expenses are foster care, social welfare programs and health expenses.Full Answer >
According to BabyMed, the basal body temperature of a woman has a strong likelihood of being elevated 14 to 15 days after ovulation if she is pregnant. This is particularly the case if she has not had her menstrual period or missed her period. Prior to those 15 days, it is nearly impossible to use basal body temperature as an indicator of pregnancy.Full Answer >