Q:

What factors affect fertility rates?

A:

The primary factors that affect a country’s total fertility rate include the significance of children as a member of the labor force and the cost of educating and rearing children, according to class notes from the Department of Geography at Hunter College. Other factors include urbanization, work opportunities for women and infant mortality rate.

Know More

Full Answer

Developing countries usually have higher fertility rates, particularly in rural places where children work at a young age by helping plant crops, says Hunter College. Developed countries often have lower fertility rates, because bringing up a child is considerably more expensive. Moreover, children in developed nations do not enter the workforce until they become teenagers or reach their early 20s. Urbanization is another factor that affects fertility rates, as people who live in urban regions can typically get family planning services more easily. In rural areas, people have bigger families because they need children to carry out essential tasks.

Total fertility rates are generally low in countries where women can get educational and paid employment opportunities, notes Hunter College. Women lacking educational attainment in developing nations often bear two more children than those who have a secondary school education. Places with low infant mortality rates commonly have low fertility rates, because the number of children who die young is fewer. Also, women who marry at the age of 25 or older mostly have fewer children.

Learn more in Pregnancy

Related Questions

  • Q:

    How does teenage pregnancy affect society?

    A:

    Teenage pregnancy affects society in many ways, especially in the form of greater public expenses. Some examples of these expenses are foster care, social welfare programs and health expenses.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How does pregnancy affect a woman's basal body temperature?

    A:

    According to BabyMed, the basal body temperature of a woman has a strong likelihood of being elevated 14 to 15 days after ovulation if she is pregnant. This is particularly the case if she has not had her menstrual period or missed her period. Prior to those 15 days, it is nearly impossible to use basal body temperature as an indicator of pregnancy.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do interest rates affect exchange rates?

    A:

    Interest rates influence exchange rates because they directly affect the supply and demand of a nation’s currency. Fluctuating interest rates affect currency values in a directly proportionate manner. Higher interest rates provide lenders a higher return relative to other nations; higher returns attract foreign capital, which increases demand and causes the exchange rate to rise. The opposite is true for decreasing interest rates, which proportionately decreases exchange rates.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What factors affect burning?

    A:

    Factors such as topography, fuel types and weather affect fire behavior. There are other factors, including fuel load, that affect both unregulated and prescribed burns.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore