The intravenous administration of more than 30 milligrams of morphine sulphate, or morphine, to a normal adult is likely to cause serious toxic effects, including death, according to DailyMed. However, because morphine is an opiate, determining a standard lethal dose is difficult.Know More
It is believed that infants and children are more sensitive to morphine and other opiates based on their body weight, explains DailyMed. The elderly are also less tolerant to morphine and other opiates.
One serious symptom of taking too much morphine is respiratory depression, which may include cyanosis, Cheyne-Stokes respiration and reduced tidal volume and/or respiratory rate. Other serious symptoms include: clammy and cold skin, hypotension, bradycardia, skeletal-muscle flaccidity, and extreme somnolence that leads to a coma or stupor. Severe intravenous overdose can result in cardiac arrest, circulatory collapse, apnea or death, states DailyMed.
The injection of morphine is used to allay chronic or acute pain, or to supplement anesthesia during surgery, as an analgesic during labor or as a preoperative sedative, according to DailyMed. Morphine may also be administered to patients suffering from acute pulmonary edema to ease anxiety and for its effects on the cardiovascular system, unless the condition is caused by a chemical irritant. It is also a preferred drug for relieving myocardial infarction-related pain.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
The antidote for morphine overdose is naloxone. This medication is used to reverse the effects of the overdose and a person may need to take many doses, as stated by MedlinePlus.Full Answer >
Morphine is a naturally occurring compound alkaloid from the opium family, developed and first tested early in the 19th century by a German pharmacist's assistant, according to Dr. Ananya Mandal for News-Medical. Opium is harvested as a sticky residue after the sides of the poppy plant are scored, notes Wikipedia.Full Answer >
Morphine and hydrocodone are listed as equivalents, according the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, the effectiveness of either drug depends on a number of variables, including dosage and how it is given.Full Answer >
Salonpas Pain Relief patches contain methyl salicylate 10 percent and menthol 3 percent as active ingredients, according to DailyMed. Salonpas Dual-Action Gel patches contain menthol 1.25 percent and capscaicin 0.025 percent, according to Salonpas. Methyl salicylate, menthol and capsaicin are topical analgesics.Full Answer >