Fertilization occurs in the Fallopian tube. If the egg is not fertilized within 24 hours after it is released, it travels down to the uterus and is expelled during the menstrual period.Know More
Once a month, egg cells start to ripen. On each ovary, many egg cells start to ripen each month. Only one egg cell matures and is released, or sometimes one from each ovary. The rest of the ripening egg cells deteriorate. Some women experience abdominal pain on one side when the ripe egg cell ruptures from the ovary. This is called mittelschmerz, and is sometimes accompanied by light spotting, the Mayo Clinic reports. After rupturing from the ovary, the ripe egg cell is passed to the Fallopian tube, where it stays for 12 to 24 hours. It is here that the egg is met by a sperm cell and fertilized. After fertilization, it rapidly divides many times and begins to travel down the Fallopian tube to the uterus.
Once the fertilized egg makes it to the uterus, it burrows into the lining. This is called implantation. Some women experience a small amount of spotting that lasts one or two days following implantation. This is known as implantation bleeding, and occurs about a week before the woman's expected period. It does not happen to all women, but it does not indicate a problem, according to WebMD.Learn more about Women's Health
Ovarian pain can be treated at home by waiting calmly for it to clear up on its own and by using birth control pills. Patients who have not yet reached menopause and lack any serious symptoms may be advised to wait for the pain to go away, usually after 8 to 12 weeks, as stated by the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus.Full Answer >
The Mayo Clinic explains that galactorrhea is a condition in which breasts produce a milky-white substance that is unrelated to pregnancy. It can occur in women without children or in women after menopause. Generally, it is a symptom of an underlying condition, such as hyperstimulation of the breasts, pituitary gland disorders or medication side effects. Increased prolactin levels produced in the pituitary gland stimulate milk production that results in galactorrhea.Full Answer >
The pain of an endometrial biopsy is caused by cramping of the uterus as the doctor inserts the device used to obtain the tissue sample through the cervix and scrapes cells from the uterine wall. Cramps often continue throughout the procedure and for some time afterward, says WebMD.Full Answer >
Most urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria that enter the urinary tract from the skin around the anus or the vagina, according to Healthline. Girls are more susceptible because their urethra is shorter and closer to the anus, making it easier for the bacteria to enter the urethra.Full Answer >