The five components of physical fitness are cardiovascular endurance, muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility and body composition. Schools and gyms use the components to measure the level of a person's fitness.
Cardiovascular endurance is associated with the way the heart and lungs work together to provide the body with oxygen. Aerobic exercise, such as swimming or jogging, can help improve a person's cardiovascular endurance.
Muscle strength has to do with the amount of force a muscle can apply in an endeavor. A person can improve muscle strength by engaging in regular strength training exercises, such as weightlifting.
Muscle endurance measures how much continuous action a muscle can perform without exhaustion. Cycling machines, step machines, inclined treadmills, sit-ups and push-ups can test muscle endurance and help improve this component.
Flexibility measures the range of motion a joint has. Stretching the muscles can test how flexible a person is and increase that level.
Body composition is the percentage of fat, bone, water and muscle a person's body contains. The pinch test is performed with a special instrument that measures the fat around a person's waist. Regular exercise and a healthy diet can lessen body fat.
A doctor or personal fitness trainer can help develop a regimen to strengthen a person's physical fitness components.Learn More
Michigan State University contends that proper nutrition is the most important step in caring for the integumentary system. The integumentary system is the body's outer protection. It is consistently exposed to damaging elements and requires some care to be at its best. One basic strategy the university recommends for maintaining the skin's health is consuming plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables and drinking plenty of water.Full Answer >
There are two basic steps for performing progressive muscle relaxation, deliberately tensing the major muscle groups of the body one at a time, and then relaxing them. The muscle groups are targeted in a systematic manner, either starting from the legs and working up to the head, or the other way around.Full Answer >
If training for a triathlon for the first time, begin with a sprint triathlon and slowly transition to longer distances. Reserve three to six days per week for training, with each day of the week devoted to a different event. According to Men's Fitness, the swimming event is the most difficult, so athletes should begin the week with a 30-minute swim.Full Answer >
According to Women's Health, many individuals know how to push when it comes to developing their muscles but not their flexibility. Engaging in regular yoga practice can address this shortcoming, by helping to lengthen tight muscles. When performing the exercises it is important to do them with patience and to maintain steady, long, deep breaths in the process.Full Answer >