A hyperextended knee may require physical therapy to restore strength and stability, or it may require surgical repair, depending on the severity of the damage, explains Mayo Clinic. Tendon and ligament strains benefit from rest, elevation and ice, and sometimes compression is recommended, says eMedicineHealth.
Approaches to fixing a hyperextended knee depend on the specific damage that occurs in the ligaments, tendons and muscles of the joint, according to eMedicineHealth. A hyperextension stretches or tears the hamstring muscles, and treatment for this is usually exercise, time and perhaps physical therapy. There are several cruciate ligaments in the knee, and damage to these may require a knee splint to keep the joint stable, or surgery and long-term physical therapy.
The strongest ligament in the knee is the posterior cruciate ligament, which is most often damaged by hyperextension, notes MedlinePlus. This can happen after an awkward landing from a jump or from a direct blow to the knee. When this ligament is damaged, age is a factor in treatment. Younger patients require surgery more often to avoid arthritis symptoms years later. Many people do well without surgery, but when multiple ligaments are injured, or if the bone is pulled off with the ligament, surgery is necessary.Learn More
A knee tear is called a meniscus tear, according to WebMD. This common knee injury is caused by the quick twisting or turning of the knee while it is bent and the foot is planted. A meniscus tear happens when lifting heavy objects or playing sports.Full Answer >
According to About.com, there are several non-surgical treatment options for a torn rotator cuff, including physical therapy, resting, activity modification and ice packs. Medication and cortisone injections are also helpful.Full Answer >
Depending on the severity of and complications involved with a torn meniscus, treatment usually revolves around physical therapy and the use of over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, notes MedicineNet. Patients are immediately instructed to rest, apply ice to the injury, compress the knee and elevate the leg. Some patients may require the use of crutches, and it is common to seek the help of a physical therapist.Full Answer >
Depending on the severity of the injury a sprained wrist takes several weeks to several months to heal, as specified by Drugs.com. Symptoms begin to improve within several days with mild sprains. In more serious cases, rehabilitation is required for a few months to restore complete range of motion and strengthen the wrist.Full Answer >