In the body, the function of carbohydrates is to provide fuel or energy. The body needs carbohydrates to ensure that many organs of the body, such as the central nervous system, the heart muscle and the kidneys can function properly; they also aid in the performance of physical activity.Know More
The body acquires carbohydrates through foods, such as fruits, vegetables, grains, milk, fiber and cereals. When a person eats carbohydrates, the digestive system converts them to glucose. The body can either use the glucose right away for energy or store it in the liver and muscles for later use. Excess glucose that the liver cannot store gets turned into fat. Every cell and tissue in the body requires glucose for energy, according to the McKinley Health Center.
Simple and complex carbohydrates are two types of carbohydrates used by the body. Complex carbohydrates include starch and dietary fiber. While foods like potatoes contain starch, fruits, oatmeal, grains and vegetables contain dietary fiber. Simple carbohydrates are substances like brown sugar, corn syrup and sugars added to processed food.
A person needs about 14 grams of dietary fiber per every 1000 calories that he consumes, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. A low-fiber diet can lead to health problems like constipation and hemorrhoids, and it may increase the risk of colon cancer, according to the McKinley Health Center. Conversely, high-fiber diets may lower the risk of heart disease and being overweight.Learn more about Nutrition & Diets
The four organic nutrients required by the body to function well consist of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and fats. Nutrients are essential to the human diet and are required for growth, energy, repair of broken tissues, body organ maintenance and general body development.Full Answer >
Starch is a carbohydrate, and the main purpose of carbohydrates is to provide energy for the body, according to The New York Times. The enzyme amylase is responsible for the conversion of starches into glucose, or blood sugar, which is used as energy for the body, particularly in the brain and nervous system. Starchy foods include legumes, whole grain breads and cereals, and starchy vegetables, such as potatoes.Full Answer >
The function of carbohydrates is to provide the body energy for physical activity and the operation of internal organs. The digestive system converts carbohydrates into glucose, which flows through the blood stream for immediate use or for later use in the liver and muscles.Full Answer >
Fats contain more energy than carbohydrates because they need more oxygen for each carbon atom, which in turn produces more energy. This arises because there are more electrons surrounding each carbon atom in fat. While fat has a negative reputation, it is an important component of each person's diet, and intake should vary according to individual lifestyles.Full Answer >