What is the function of starch?
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Q:

What is the function of starch?

A:

Quick Answer

Starch in food plays an important role in the metabolic process. Starch is a carbohydrate that aids in the conversion of glucose to energy. Many vegetables are high in starch, including corn, potatoes and squash. Starch can also be added to the diet by consuming whole wheat bread.

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Full Answer

As of 2014, CDC guidelines indicate that 45 to 65 percent of calories in a diet should come from carbohydrates. Sixty percent of total carbohydrate calories should come from a starchy carbohydrate. Carbohydrates contain 4 calories per gram. Protein also has 4 calories per gram. In comparison, fat contains 9 calories per gram, and alcohol has 7 per gram.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the end product of starch digestion?

    A:

    When starch, a polysaccarhide, is digested, it is finally broken down into monosaccharides (glucose, galactose and fructose) in the digestive system. Starch provides nutrients to the human body that must be broken down into simpler units that can be absorbed into the bloodstream, and eventually fuel the human body with energy to run metabolic activities.

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  • Q:

    What foods are high in starch?

    A:

    White rice, cornmeal and white potatoes are the three foods with the highest levels of starch. Just one serving of white rice (parboiled, cooked and unenriched) has 47 grams of starch. These types of foods generally digest in a very short time and cause blood sugar levels to spike.

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  • Q:

    What type of nutrient is starch?

    A:

    Starch is a nutrient of the type called carbohydrates. Starches are also called complex carbohydrates because they are made up of chains of simple carbohydrates or sugars. When starches are metabolized, they are first broken up into fast-acting sugars.

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  • Q:

    What is the function of microvilli?

    A:

    Microvilli play an important role in the absorption and secretion functions of cells, according to the HyperPhysics resource of the Georgia State University website. The microvilli's role is in effectively increasing the cell's surface area.

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