Q:

What is the function of starch in the human body?

A:

Starch is a carbohydrate, and the main purpose of carbohydrates is to provide energy for the body, according to The New York Times. The enzyme amylase is responsible for the conversion of starches into glucose, or blood sugar, which is used as energy for the body, particularly in the brain and nervous system. Starchy foods include legumes, whole grain breads and cereals, and starchy vegetables, such as potatoes.

Not eating enough starch and carbohydrates can result in malnutrition or the intake of too much fat in the diet to overcompensate for the lack of calories, according to The New York Times. Too many starches in the diet leads to obesity. Ideally, between 40 and 60 percent of all daily calories come from starches and natural sugars. These provide necessary calories, vitamins, minerals and fiber in the diet.

To increase starch intake, a diet high in whole grain bread, rice and cereal, and legumes, such as beans, lentils and dried peas, is recommended, according to The New York Times. Typical serving sizes for starches vary based on the item. One piece of bread, 1/2 cup of cooked rice, pasta, cereal, beans, lentils or peas, and 2/3 cup of ready-to-eat cereals are considered general serving sizes for starchy items.

Sources:

  1. nytimes.com

Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is the main function of carbohydrates?

    A:

    The primary function of carbohydrates is to provide fuel to the body; every gram of carbohydrates has 4 calories. Carbohydrates are essential to keep the body from using protein for energy, and complex carbohydrates such as whole grains help to sustain energy over a longer period of time, as they are harder to break down.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the function of carbohydrates in the body?

    A:

    In the body, the function of carbohydrates is to provide fuel or energy. The body needs carbohydrates to ensure that many organs of the body, such as the central nervous system, the heart muscle and the kidneys can function properly; they also aid in the performance of physical activity.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Is starch a lipid?

    A:

    Starch is not a lipid. It is one of two major carbon storage compounds that are found in some plants and microalgae. Lipids are groups of fat-soluble biological molecules, while starch is a complex carbohydrate.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why is starch a non-reducing sugar?

    A:

    Starch is a non-reducing sugar because its chemical formula is stable and does not oxidize. Starch and a few types of sugar compounds, such as sucrose, are considered non-reducing sugars, explains Reference.com.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore