Vitamins are vital for immune system function, energy production and strengthening of bones, notes nutrition expert Shereen Lehman for About.com. Minerals are essential for muscle contraction, maintenance of teeth and bones, nervous system function and fluid balance.Know More
Vitamin A is necessary for adequate growth, normal vision and cell differentiation, and its deficiency causes slow growth and visual problems. It is found in dark green vegetables, whole milk, meats, liver, fish, egg yolk and butter. Vitamin D is important for the absorption and utilization of calcium, and its deficiency leads to weak teeth and bones. It is formed by the body when the skin is exposed to sunlight. Vitamin E is an antioxidant, which protects body cells from damage. It is found in cereals, seeds, vegetable oils and nuts. Vitamin K is vital for normal blood clotting and is found in soybeans, broccoli, cabbage and leafy vegetables, notes Lehman.
Calcium is a major mineral that prevents osteoporosis and is found in dark green vegetables and dairy products. Chloride is a vital nutrient in the production of digestive juices and is found in tomatoes and salt. Magnesium is essential for biochemical reactions and is found in legumes, seeds, nuts and whole grains. According to Lehman, phosphorus is vital for the formation of the cell membrane and energy production and is found in high protein foods. Potassium is essential for fluid balance and muscle contraction and is found in fruits and vegetables. Sodium is required to maintain blood pressure and is found in salt.Learn more about Nutritional Content
In 2011, Everyday Health recommends that women take vitamin D, folic acid, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, B6, B12 and beta-carotene. However, they also stress that women have different needs and those needs change over time, so all women should consult their personal doctor before taking any supplements.Full Answer >
Vitamins with antioxidant properties include vitamin A (converted from beta carotene), vitamin C and vitamin E. Antioxidants are found in highly colored fruits and vegetables such as those that are red, yellow, purple, blue and orange.Full Answer >
Vitamins that provide energy include vitamin B5, vitamin B12 and folic acid, according to Jillian Michaels. These vitamins help dieters lose weight, and B-complex vitamins metabolize proteins, fats and carbs.Full Answer >
Vitamins do not have any calorie content. Only fat, protein and carbohydrates provide calories. Vitamins are chemicals the body needs in small amounts to support important biochemical reactions.Full Answer >