Natural or household substances such as calamine lotion, cold cream and petroleum jelly can be used to relieve itching from chigger bites, Iowa State University Department of Entomology notes. However, physicians recommend using ointments containing antihistamines such as hydrocortisone or products containing local anesthetics.Know More
Chiggers are parasitic mites that attach to warm-blooded animals once they reach the larval growth stage, according to ISU Entomology. Chiggers usually nest on plants and catch onto the pores or hair follicles of passing mammals. Rather than feeding on blood, these tiny mites release digestive enzymes into the host to damage the surrounding skin cells and consume fluid from them. Redness and welts typically form at chigger bite sites, and the skin must be sealed off from air exposure to reduce irritation. Since fingernail polish and other household products provide protective coverage for the bite, they offer temporary relief and appear to be effective remedies.
Regardless of the remedy, the bite area should be thoroughly cleaned with soap and water to clear away any remaining chiggers before ointment is applied, KidsHealth states. A cool washcloth may help to relieve mild, short-term irritation, but the individual must avoid scratching the bites to prevent infection. If over-the-counter anti-itch creams have no effect or the bites develop swelling, pus or redness, a doctor may recommend using antibiotics.Learn more about Insect & Animal Bites
Symptoms of chigger bites do not occur until several hours after being bitten and are typically characterized by a small pustule or blister that is extremely itchy, according to MedicineNet. The itching is caused by a chigger injecting its digestive enzymes into the skin. The worst of the itching usually passes in one to two days but the bites sometimes takes as long as two weeks to heal.Full Answer >
Most cases of stinging nettle rash can be treated at home by washing the area, using an over-the-counter antihistamine, applying a cold compress, avoiding hot water, applying a baking soda and water paste and applying calamine lotion, according to Scott & White Healthcare. Most of these treatment options are not necessary for more mild cases, and the patient will likely notice immediate relief once the area has been properly cleaned.Full Answer >
Rubbing ice on chigger bites is an organic way to manage the discomfort from itching, notes Healthline. Keeping weeds and grass trimmed prevents a person's yard from attracting chiggers, and applying sulfur powder to socks before going outside keeps chiggers off a person's legs, states Sherri Deatherage Green for Mother Earth News.Full Answer >
A person bitten by a dog often can treat the bite at home but should seek medical care if the dog is unknown and if the bite is deep, seems infected or continues bleeding, according to WebMD. Report a bite from an unknown dog to animal control.Full Answer >