Some good physical therapy exercises for bedridden patients include isometric exercises, and simple exercises to strengthen the arms and legs, according to CancerSupportiveCare.com and Cruces University Hospital. A doctor or physical therapist should be consulted first about what exercises may be performed, according to HowStuffWorks.
Exercising while bedridden lowers the risk of such complications as bed sores, blood clots, bone deterioration and muscle weakness, according to CancerSupportiveCare.com. The patient can start out with isometric exercises, which simply contract muscles. Examples of these exercises include holding the leg straight, tightening the buttocks and holding in the stomach for 6 seconds before releasing.
The patient should exercise carefully and slowly, ceasing exercise if he or she experiences pain or becomes tired, according to Cruces University Hospital. Exercises should be performed three to four times each day, repeating the exercise five to 10 times per session. Arms can be exercised by the patient stretching his or her arms out, raising them above the head for 5 seconds and lowering them to the starting position. Legs can be exercised by the patient raising one straight leg while the other is bent, as the patient lies face-up in bed. An easier method is to place a cushion below the patient's knees so that the patient can press his or her knees into the pillow for 5 seconds before releasing.Learn More
Some exercises to correct lordosis include hip flexo stretches, lower back muscle stretches, abdominal crunches, twisting crunches and bridges, according to Sports Injury Clinic. These exercises are designed to improve the balance and strength of the muscles in the spine, explains ePainAssist.Full Answer >
Aerobic exercises require continuous movement of large muscle groups to increase the heart rate. Examples of aerobic exercises are walking, jogging, running, stair climbing, rowing, cycling, swimming, jump rope and using an elliptical trainer. These exercises are also called cardiovascular, or "cardio" exercise.Full Answer >
Achilles-tendon-strengthening exercises are designed to stretch the Achilles tendon. Recommended exercises focus on calf stretches to strengthen the Achilles tendon. WebMD suggests gentle stretching and strengthening exercises when healing from an injury. WebMD also recommends toe stretches, calf-plantar fascia stretches, quadriceps stretches, groin stretches, hamstring stretches and stair stretches to strengthen the Achilles tendon.Full Answer >
According to Health magazine, the chair stand, walking, water workouts and three-way hip exercises are exercises for arthritis. These exercises build muscle, prevent stiffness in the joints and increase heart and bone health. If joints are too inflamed, it is best to rest completely or decrease the exercises during the first two to three days; pushing through arthritic pain causes damaging effects.Full Answer >