When a blood vessel such as a vein bursts, a small amount of blood is released into the body, according to Healthline. Burst veins occur for many reasons, but the most frequent cause is an injury to the affected area, which appears as a bruise.
Treatment for a burst blood vessel, called a hematoma, depends on what area of the body is affected. A hematoma can cause irritation, pain, swelling or redness and can be life-threatening if it occurs in the brain. Most hematomas heal without treatment, but bleeding may continue if the damage is severe or a blood vessel continues to leak. Some drugs such as aspirin, steroids or blood thinners can cause a hematoma. Bleeding into the skin, or bruising, can be a sign of certain diseases and conditions such as leukemia, meningitis, strep throat or sepsis, which is a bacterial infection that affects the entire body, states Healthline.
Superficial hematomas can be treated with rest, ice, compression, elevation and, in some cases, heat. Healthy tissue reddens when pressure is applied and then turns pale, but on the site of a hematoma the tissue stays red, according to Healthline. The most dangerous type of hematoma occurs inside the skull, because there is no space for expansion and the swelling can cause brain damage, states Medicinenet.Learn More
Bruised veins in the legs result from blunt-forced trauma, coagulopathy, hemorrhages, blood infection, fractures and vein injuries. MedicineNet explains that the elderly often experience bruising in the legs after taking anticoagulants, such as Warfarin. This anticoagulant, which is commercially recognized as Coumadin, is prescribed for patients who have experienced previous clotting in the legs. Cortisone medicines also contribute to bruising, as they increase the fragility of small capillaries.Full Answer >
Broken blood vessels in the hand are typically a result of an injury that jars the blood vessels, causing bleeding into the skin, according to Healthline. Infections of the blood, an allergic reaction, autoimmune disorders and the normal process of aging may also cause broken blood vessels.Full Answer >
Common causes for charley horses include overuse of a single muscle, insufficient blood flow to the muscle, nerve compression and inadequate stretching prior to exercise, according to Healthline. Other reasons include muscle injuries, mineral depletion and dehydration.Full Answer >
First degree burns do not scar if properly treated, according to Healthline. This type of burn is called a "superficial burn" because it typically only affects the outermost layer of skin.Full Answer >