The 2010 Global Burden of Diseases Study reveals that eating too much salt contributes to deaths from heart attacks, strokes and other heart-related diseases. The study defines excess salt as a level of sodium of more than more than 1000 milligrams per day and claims that excess sodium plays a role in the development of cardiovascular disease, which includes all diseases of the heart and blood vessels.Know More
WebMD also explains that too much salt puts people at higher risk for diabetes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention asserts that sodium intake from processed and restaurant foods contributes to increased rates of high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke as well.
The Mayo Clinic explains that the kidneys regulate the amount of sodium in the body by retaining it when the body does not have enough sodium and excreting excess sodium in the urine. When the body doesn't eliminate excess sodium, the sodium builds up in the blood. This makes it attract and hold water, leading to increasing blood volumes that create pressure in the arteries because the heart has to work harder. The Mayo Clinic suggests adhering to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommendation that people consume less than 2300 milligrams of sodium per day.Learn more in Nutritional Amounts & Limits
Drinking too much water leads to hyponatremia, or water intoxication, a serious and sometimes fatal condition, according to WebMD. Water intoxication dilutes the electrolytes in the body and causes swelling of cells. However, overhydration is rare and requires drinking gallons of water.Full Answer >
Anyone who consumes too much zinc at one time can end up ill with negative side effects including stomach cramping, vomiting, nausea, loss of appetite, diarrhea and headaches. Long term effects of too much zinc include low copper levels, lowered immunity and low levels of "good" HDL cholesterol, according to the National Institutes of Health. Those who develop severe symptoms to an overdose of zinc should seek medical attention as quickly as possible.Full Answer >
Those who drink too much coffee may suffer from anxiety, muscle spasms and audio illusions. Prolonged use over time has also lead to osteoporosis, notes the National Osteoporosis Foundation.Full Answer >
Eating too much protein can lead to dehydration, weight gain, nutritional deficiencies, an increased risk of heart disease, seizures, an increase in liver enzymes and kidney problems. Lack of protein prevents the body from being able to build muscle.Full Answer >