When the kidneys cease to function, a person suffers from a condition called uremia, as stated by Temple University Hospital. If the condition cannot be reversed, it can be referred to as end-stage renal disease.
A person suffering from uremia faces the risk of having excess water in the body. The hands and feet may swell. A person can also experiences excessive weakness and tiredness, since the body lacks clean blood. If the condition is left without treatment, the individual may go in a coma, which may lead to death. A procedure called dialysis may be necessary to clean the blood. Kidney transplantation may also be required.Learn More
Diabetes mellitus causes polydipsia, or excessive thirst, because of high blood sugar. According to the Mayo Clinic, the kidneys remove excess sugar from the blood, which results in higher urine production. As the body loses water through increased urination, or polyuria, this triggers thirst, and the diabetic drinks more water.Full Answer >
Cretinism, also known as congenital hypothyroidism, affects newborn infants through an anatomic thyroid defect, an error of thyroid metabolism, or iodine deficiency, according to Medscape. Symptoms present at birth include lethargy, enlarged anterior fontanel, poor feeding and rough facial features. In addition, cretinism is commonly accompanied by neck swelling, which manifests as goiters.Full Answer >
The side effects of dialysis include dry skin, decreased circulation in the muscles, nausea, low blood pressure and restless leg syndrome, according to the National Kidney Foundation. Patients may also experience difficulty sleeping, increased potassium levels or fluid overload.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, Asperger's syndrome is not a disease; it is a complex neurodevelopment disorder also classified as an autism spectrum disorder. It affects a child's social and communication skills and is a lifetime condition, although symptoms can improve over time. Asperger's cannot be prevented and its cause is unknown. Hans Asperger, a Viennese child psychologist, identified and published the syndrome's characteristics and behavior patterns in 1944.Full Answer >