A hard tissue injury is an injury to the bone tissue. It involves the loss of continuity in the substance of a bone. Fractures and dislocations are the most common hard tissue injuries.Know More
Hard tissue injuries are also called "broken bones" and "cracked bones." Some hard tissue injuries have completely broken bones that are separated into two or more pieces, such as comminuted fractures and simple fractures. Other injuries are less severe, although still painful, such as greenstick fractures and hairline fractures.
Hard tissue injuries typically occur in sports, particularly in extreme sports such as downhill skiing and equine sports. According to IvyRose Holistic, the general indications of a broken bone include swelling in the area of the injury, pain and tenderness, visibly protruding broken bone, unusual body shape in the affected area, hearing the sound of a breaking bone and feeling the bone break.
There are four main types of hard tissue injury. Closed fracture refers to a broken bone that is still within the skin. Open fracture refers to a broken bone with an end that protrudes through the skin. Complicated fracture refers to a cracked bone that also damages the surrounding structures or organs. Lastly, stress fracture refers to a bone that is not completely broken but still damaged by cracks along the length of the bone.Learn more about Wounds & Bruises
To heal a bruise, WebMD recommends incorporating a mixture of treatments, including applying ice to the affected area, compressing the bruise with an elastic bandage, massaging the area if possible to encourage blood flow and elevating the injury above the level of the heart. Topical treatments such as witch hazel and arnica are also known to aid the healing process.Full Answer >
When bruising occurs, the skin often turns red immediately, but the injury doesn't turn black or purple for one to two days, according to KidsHealth. Most bruises take about two weeks to fade and go through several color changes, becoming less tender as they heal.Full Answer >
Acute arm injuries are a severe type of damage to the arm, and the injury usually comes about abruptly by a fall, a direct blow, bending a limb strangely or jamming the limb, reports WebMD. Acute injuries may include muscle ruptures, pulled muscles, bruising, broken bones, dislocation and sprains.Full Answer >
To heal a skinned knee, WebMD advises rinsing the knee with water immediately following the injury to ensure that dirt and debris are removed. Pressure is then applied to stop bleeding, if necessary, and a clean dressing is applied. This dressing must be kept clean to avoid infection.Full Answer >