Hepatic parenchymal disease is damage to the functional cells of the liver, according to HealthTap. Liver diseases can be divided into those affecting the biliary ducts and those affecting the functional cells of the organ, known as the parenchyma. Although liver disease is often associated with alcoholism, there are more than 100 hepatic diseases caused by a variety of factors, says the Canadian Liver Foundation.Know More
Many liver diseases have no known cause, but the most common are attributed to viruses (hepatitis), obesity (fatty liver disease) and alcohol (cirrhosis), according to the Canadian Liver Foundation. Hepatic parenchymal disease can be difficult to diagnose because either the symptoms are vague and similar to those of other diseases or there are no symptoms until the liver has suffered significant damage, as the Canadian Liver Foundation explains. Jaundice (yellow skin tone and yellowish sclera of the eyes) is one sign of liver damage. Other symptoms include abdominal swelling and tenderness. Blood tests can be used to detect inflammation, viruses or antibodies. Cancer of the liver is also a possibility, although it is almost always preceded by cirrhosis, according to WebMD.
Lifestyle plays an important role in protecting against liver disease, according to the Canadian Liver Foundation. Preventative steps range from eating a healthy diet to immunization before traveling to countries where malaria is present. The abuse of alcohol and certain drugs are also implicated in liver disease.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues
End-stage liver disease refers to an advanced stage of liver tissue damage, where the liver fails to perform its functions, according to eMedicineHealth. It is also known as liver failure. Although rarely reversible, the treatment of end-stage liver disease only prevents further liver damage, according to Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >
Although an antibiotic's half-life equals half the time it takes to leave an individual's system, it takes five half-lives for the drug to clear a person's system completely, according to HealthTap. Each drug has its own specific half-life, so different antibiotics remain in the system for different lengths of time.Full Answer >
One of the major reasons why conventional, over-the-counter nasal spray burns is because it causes constriction of the nasal blood vessels, according to HealthTap. As WebMD explains, vasoconstriction is caused by ingredients contained in nasal sprays such as oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, xylometazoline and naphazoline.Full Answer >
The production of bile makes the liver an important organ within digestion, as it emulsifies fat, much like dish soap acts on fat and grease to split it into smaller pieces. This process makes it much easier for the body to process fats. Hepatocytes within the liver also absorb much of the glucose that comes from digested food and stores the sugar as glycogen for later release. This helps the body regulate its sugar levels.Full Answer >