Home remedies for bug bites include keeping an ice pack over a piece of cloth on the bite mark for 15 to 20 minutes each hour for the first six hours, alternating with a cool, wet cloth, according to WebMD, and applying heat to the affected area after six hours once the swelling goes down. Elevating the affected area may also help prevent swelling.Know More
Oral antihistamines and topical medications such as hydrocortisone cream and calamine lotion may relieve itching, according to WebMD, and nonprescription pain relievers such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen and aspirin can relieve discomfort. Best Health recommends applying a paste made of baking soda and lotion to the affected area to reduce swelling and rubbing it with an onion slice or crushed clove of garlic to reduce inflammation.
Rubbing the area with ammonia, rubbing alcohol or hand sanitizers that contain alcohol may relieve itching, according to chemistry expert Dr. Anne Marie Helmenstine for About.com. Tea tree oil and hydrogen peroxide may disinfect the bug bite and help to prevent infection. Condiments such as ketchup and mustard may help reduce inflammation by altering the pH of the skin or drying out the bite, or simply by being cold, notes Helmenstine.Learn more about Insect & Animal Bites
According to Healthline, symptoms of an infected dog bite include swelling and tenderness of the affected area, swollen glands, pus formation, numbness around the bite mark, inflamed streaks surrounding the bite mark, fever and flu-like symptoms. Infections are caused by bacteria in the dog's mouth that enters the bloodstream when the skin is punctured. Severe symptoms of a dog bite infection can include breathing difficulty, weak muscles and shakiness.Full Answer >
Bug bites itch because of a mild immune system reaction to bug saliva, according to the Mayo Clinic. When a bug bites someone it injects its saliva into the skin and the reaction in the body's immune system can result in an itchy bump.Full Answer >
When a bug is in the nose, it may be dislodged by pinching shut the unaffected nostril, according to WebMD, and blowing hard through the affected nostril a few times to try to clear out the insect. Otherwise, it may be necessary to visit a doctor.Full Answer >
According to How Stuff Work, gnat bites are treated by washing the affected area with soap and water. One must avoid scratching the itchy area. The itching and swelling can be treated by applying ice or cold metal objects or by taking over-the-counter medication, such as antihistamines or NSAIDs.Full Answer >