Q:

What is a human eye color chart?

A:

Quick Answer

A human eye color chart helps determine eye color. It was once used to calculate the odds of babies having certain eye colors based on the eye colors of their parents and grandparents.

Know More

Full Answer

Human eye color charts are no longer used to “predict” eye color because inherited eye color has turned out to be complicated by a multitude of genes. A brown-eyed child can have two blue-eyed parents, and a green-eyed or blue-eyed child can come from several generations of brown-eyed people.

Eye color is dependant on the amount and distribution of pigment in the iris and ranges from the darkest brown to the lightest blue. Dark-brown eyes contain the most pigment, and light gray-blue eyes contain the least, with many shades in between. Fifty-five percent of the world’s population have brown eyes, 5 to 8 percent have hazel eyes, 8 percent have blue eyes and 2 percent have green eyes, which is the rarest eye color. Hazel- and amber-colored eyes are rare variants of brown. Also rare is a condition called heterochromia where an individual has two different eye colors.

Brown eye color is a dominant genetic trait, and nearly all people from Africa and Asia have brown eyes. However, blue eyes are recessive. Thirty years ago, 30 percent of American babies had blue eyes, but immigration has brought that number down to 1 in 6.

Learn more about Vision

Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where did the Snellen eye chart come from?

    A:

    The Snellen eye chart was invented by Dr. Herman Snellen in 1862. Snellen's test became the standard for vision testing because he created an original font with lines all of the same thickness and letters relatively equal in size and shape.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a DMV eye chart?

    A:

    At many Department of Motor Vehicle (DMV) offices, eye charts are used by employees to check the vision of people applying for or renewing their driver's licenses. This chart ensures that the minimum vision requirements are met and upheld.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How is an image formed in the human eye?

    A:

    An image is formed in the human eye when light passes through the pupil, is refracted by the lens and is absorbed by pigment cells in the retina, altering the pigments and triggering neurons to fire. The particular arrangement of the stimulated cells is interpreted by the brain into a separate image for each eye. The two eyes look at images from slightly different angles, allowing the perception of depth.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How many megapixels is a human eye?

    A:

    The human eye is the equivalent of 576 megapixels, according to Gizmodo. The calculation is not entirely accurate because the eye is more like a video stream than a still camera, notes Dr. Roger Clark, a scientist and photographer.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore